我国地震地下流体观测台网调整与优化方案探讨

车用太 鱼金子

车用太, 鱼金子. 2015: 我国地震地下流体观测台网调整与优化方案探讨. 地震学报, 37(2): 357-367. doi: 10.11939/jass.2015.02.015
引用本文: 车用太, 鱼金子. 2015: 我国地震地下流体观测台网调整与优化方案探讨. 地震学报, 37(2): 357-367. doi: 10.11939/jass.2015.02.015
Che Yongtai, Yu Jinzi. 2015: A discussion about the adjustment and optimization of subsurface fluid monitoring network in China. Acta Seismologica Sinica, 37(2): 357-367. doi: 10.11939/jass.2015.02.015
Citation: Che Yongtai, Yu Jinzi. 2015: A discussion about the adjustment and optimization of subsurface fluid monitoring network in China. Acta Seismologica Sinica, 37(2): 357-367. doi: 10.11939/jass.2015.02.015

我国地震地下流体观测台网调整与优化方案探讨

doi: 10.11939/jass.2015.02.015
基金项目: 中国地震局项目(2200404)资助.
详细信息
    通讯作者:

    车用太, E-mail: che@ies.ac.cn

A discussion about the adjustment and optimization of subsurface fluid monitoring network in China

  • 摘要: 本文首先简要介绍了我国地震地下流体观测台网的现状,然后针对其存在的主要问题提出了调整与优化的建议: ① 调整布局,重点加强我国中西部地区(105°E以西)的监测; ② 扩大规模,观测井(泉)数要达到1000个左右; ③ 全面提高观测井质量,淘汰不符合规范要求的观测井(泉),改造不完全符合规范要求的观测井,新建一批完全符合规范的观测井; ④ 优化观测项目的组合,大力发展观测井(泉)水流量观测,强化以H2、 He、 CO2等为主测项的断层带土壤气观测,建立断层带土壤气观测网; ⑤ 优化现有的观测模式,开展平面上的台阵式观测与垂向的多层次立体化观测; ⑥ 完善与提升现有数字化观测技术水平.

     

  • 表  1  我国地下流体观测井(泉)数统计表(引自冯恩国等,2012)

    Table  1.   Number of observation wells and springs of China (after Feng et al,2012)

    表  2  不同震级地震与前兆场显现区和井间距的关系(引自车用太等,2006)

    Table  2.   Relationship between different magnitude earthquakes and dimensions of its precursor field region,interval distance of wells (after Che et al,2006)

    MS孕震断裂理论长度/km前兆场尺度/km理论井间距/km平均井间距/km
    5.06.4512.9—19.310—2015
    6.019.3138.6—57.940—6050
    7.057.80115.6—173.4110—170140
    8.0173.02346.0—519.0340—520430
    下载: 导出CSV

    表  3  一井(泉)地下流体多测项优化组合观测方案

    Table  3.   Optimized combination scheme for multiple observation items of underground fluid in one well or spring

    下载: 导出CSV
  • 车用太,鱼金子等编著. 2006. 地震地下流体学[M]. 北京: 气象出版社: 240-242.

    Che Y T,Yu J Z,et al ed. 2006. Underground Fluids and Earthquake[M]. Beijing: Metrological Press: 240-242 (in Chinese).
    邓起东,冉永康,杨晓平,闵伟,楚全芝. 2007. 中国活动构造图(1 : 400万)[M]. 北京: 地震出版社: 1.

    Deng Q D,Ran Y K,Yang X P,Min W,Chu Q Z. 2007. Map of Active Tectonics in China (1 : 4 000 000)[M]. Beijing: Seismological Press: 1 (in Chinese).
    国家质量技术监督局. 2001. 中国地震动参数区划图(GB/T 18306-2001)[S]. 北京: 中国标准出版社: 1.

    General Administration of Quality Supervision of the People's Republic of China. 2001. Seismic Ground Motion Parameter Zonation Map of China (GB/T 18306-2001)[S]. Beijing: China Standards Press: 1 (in Chinese).
    国家质量监督检验检疫总局,中国国家标准化管理委员会. 2004. 地震台站观测环境技术要求, 第4部分: 地下流体台站(GB/T 19531.4-2004)[S]. 北京: 中国标准出版社: 56-58.

    General Administration of Quality Supervision,Inspection and Quarantine of the People's Republic of China,Standardization Administration of the People's Republic of China. 2004. Technical Requirement for the Observational Environment of Seismic Stations,Part 4: Underground Fluid Observation (GB/T 19531.4-2004)[S]. Beijing: China Standards Press: 56-58 (in Chinese).
    林元武,王基华,高松升. 1998. 北京及邻近地区断层气CO2观测与分析[G]//地震危险性预测研究(1999年度). 北京: 地震出版社: 134-141.

    Lin Y W,Wang J H,Gao S S. 1998. Observation and analysis of fault gas CO2 in Beijing and neighborhood region[G]//Studies on the Prediction of Seismic Hazard (1999). Beijing: Seismological Press: 134-141 (in Chinese).
    刘耀炜. 2009. 动力加载作用与地下水物理动态过程研究[D]. 北京: 中国地质大学(北京): 68-73

    Liu Y W. 2009. Dynamic Loading and Physical Dynamics Process of Groundwater[D]. Beijing: China University of Geosciences (Beijing): 68-73 (in Chinese).
    马玉川. 2010. 井水温度潮汐效应及其应变响应能力研究[D]. 北京: 中国地震局地壳应力研究所: 13.

    Ma Y C. 2010. Tide Effect of Water Temperature in a Well and Its Capability of Response to Stress and Strain[D]. Beijing: Institute of Crustal Dynamics,China Earthquake Administration: 13 (in Chinese).
    万迪堃,贾化周,董守玉,兰秀英,黄保大. 1990. 马17井映震能力与异常机理探讨[G]//地震预报方法实用化研究文集: 水位水化专辑. 北京: 地震出版社: 59-64.

    Wan D K,Jia H Z,Dong S Y,Lan X Y,Huang B D. 1990. A discussion on the capacity reflection earthquakes and the abnormal mechanism for water level in Ma 17 well[G]//Collected Works of Studies on Practicability of Earthquake Prediction Methods: Water Level and Hydrochemistry. Beijing: Seismological Press: 59-64 (in Chinese).
    汪成民主编. 1990. 中国地震地下水动态观测网[M]. 北京: 地震出版社: 40-44.

    Wang C M eds-in-chief. 1990. Well Networks for Earthquake Prediction in China[M]. Beijing: Seismological Press: 40-44 (in Chinese).
    张培震,邓起东,张国民,马瑾,甘卫军,闵伟,毛凤英,王琪. 2003. 中国大陆的强震活动与活动地块[J]. 中国科学: D辑,33 (增刊): 12-20

    Zhang P Z,Deng Q D,Zhang G M,Ma J,Gan W J,Min W,Mao F Y,Wang Q. 2003. Active tectonic blocks and strong earthquakes in the continent of China[J]. Science in China: Series D, 46 (S1): 13-24
    中国地震局. 2006. 地震台站建设规范: 地下流体台站,第1部分: 水位和水温台站(DB/T 20.1-2006)[S]. 北京: 地震出版社: 2-4.

    China Earthquake Administration. 2006. Specification for the Construction of Seismic Station: Underground Fluid Station,Part 1: Water Level and Water Temperature Observatory (DB/T 20.1-2006)[S]. Beijing: Seismological Press: 2-4 (in Chinese).
    中国地震局. 2012. 地震地下流体观测方法,第3部分: 井水与泉水流量观测(DB/T 50-2012)[S]. 北京: 地震出版社: 6-12.

    China Earthquake Administration. 2012. The Observation Methods of Seismic Underground Fluid,Part 3: Observation of Well and Spring Flow Rate (DB/T 50-2012)[S]. Beijing: Seismological Press: 6-12 (in Chinese).
    Koizumi N. 1989. Analysis of chemical composition and temperature of the groundwater having a flow rate fluctuation induced by earth tides[C]//Proceedings of Japan-China (Taipei): Joint Seminar on Natural Hazard Mitigation. 67-76.
  • 加载中
表(3)
计量
  • 文章访问数:  506
  • HTML全文浏览量:  209
  • PDF下载量:  6
  • 被引次数: 0
出版历程
  • 收稿日期:  2014-11-19
  • 修回日期:  2015-01-03
  • 刊出日期:  2015-03-01

目录

    /

    返回文章
    返回