Volume 43 Issue 4
Jul.  2021
Turn off MathJax
Article Contents
Liu S,Bian Y J,Wang T T,Lu Z N. 2021. Study on Lg wave attenuation imaging in Yunnan. Acta Seismologica Sinica,43(4):410−426 doi: 10.11939/jass.20200101
Citation: Liu S,Bian Y J,Wang T T,Lu Z N. 2021. Study on Lg wave attenuation imaging in Yunnan. Acta Seismologica Sinica43(4):410−426 doi: 10.11939/jass.20200101

Study on Lg wave attenuation imaging in Yunnan

doi: 10.11939/jass.20200101
  • Received Date: 2020-06-29
  • Rev Recd Date: 2020-10-03
  • Available Online: 2021-08-16
  • Publish Date: 2021-07-15
  • In this paper, 470 broadband seismic records of natural earthquakes with M≥4.0 between May 2014 and May 2019 recorded by 121 fixed stations in and around Yunnan Province are collected. 6 976 high-quality vertical wave data is processed by using the reverse two-station method. The attenuation imaging of Lg wave at 1 Hz with spatial resolution less than 100 km in Yunnan area is inverted. The inversion results show that the Q0 value of Lg wave in Yunnan is in 60 to 300 range, and the whole is in low Q0 background, with significant changes in lateral heterogeneity. The distribution characteristics of low Q0 value in Yunnan area reflect the strong attenuation of Lg wave in Yunnan area. The Q0 value in the west side of Honghe fault is relatively low, in 50 to 160 range, and in the east side is relatively high, in 120 to 200 range. The distribution characteristics are consistent with the distribution of sedimentary layer thickness. Loose sedimentary layer may be the main cause of high attenuation in the east side. The Q0 value of Lg wave in Yunnan area shows a similar differential distribution with the distribution of surface heat flow, which may be related to frequent earthquakes, long-term strong tectonic movement and deep material upwelling with volcanic activity.


  • loading
  • [1]
    Chen J,Hu J F,Yang H Y,Zhang X M,Wen L M,Peng H C. 2012. S-wave Q structure of the crust and upper mantle beneath Yunnan from surface waves[J]. Science China Earth Sciences,55(5):858–868. doi: 10.1007/s11430-011-4343-6
    Cong L L,Hu J F,Fu Z W,Wen Y B,Kang G F,Wu X P. 2002. Q distribution of Lg coda in mainland China and its adjacent regions[J]. Science China Earth Sciences,32(8):617–624 (in Chinese).
    Duan Y,Wei Z G,Yang X L,Ye B,Wang J. 2019. Research progress and prospect of structure in Tengchong volcanic area[J]. Progress in Geophysics,34(4):1288–1297 (in Chinese).
    Fan Z,Tang Q J,Xu R,Liu J P. 2020. Attenuation of horizontal earthquake ground motion in the southern segment of the North-South Seismic Belt,China[J]. Chinese Journal of Geophysics,63(1):223–235 (in Chinese).
    Feng R,He Z Q. 1980. Q-value for surface waves in the eastern region of Xizang Plateau[J]. Acta Geophysica Sinica,23(3):291–297 (in Chinese).
    Gao L S. 1985. Progress and problems of Q-value research[J]. Seismological and Geomagnetic Observation and Research,6(6):3–6,15 (in Chinese).
    Ge H C,Ye P Y,Huang C Z,Lu Z F. 1985. Lg wave attenuation and near shock magnitude in the eastern region of China[J]. North China Earthquake Sciences,3(4):1–14 (in Chinese).
    Ge H C. 1988. Historical advances in research of the Lg wave[J]. Recent Developments in World Seismology,(10):1–7 (in Chinese).
    He J,Wu Q J,Li Y H,Lei J S. 2017. Developments of earthquake Lg-wave attenuation study and its application in the continental China[J]. Progress in Geophysics,32(2):465–475 (in Chinese).
    Hu J F,Cong L L,Su Y J,Kang G F. 2003a. Distribution characteristics of Q value of the Lg coda in Yunnan and its adjacent regions[J]. Chinese Journal of Geophysics,46(6):809–813 (in Chinese).
    Hu J F,Su Y J,Zhu X G,Chen Y. 2003b. S-wave velocity and Poisson's ratio structure in Yunnan and their significance[J]. Science China Earth Sciences,33(8):714–722 (in Chinese).
    Hu J F,Hu Y L,Xia J Y,Chen Y,Zhao H,Yang H Y. 2008. Crust-mantle velocity structure of S wave and dynamic process beneath Burma Arc and its adjacent regions[J]. Chinese Journal of Geophysics,51(1):140–148 (in Chinese).
    Jiang C S. 1998. Distribution characteristics of Tengchong volcano in the Cenozoic era[J]. Journal of Seismological Research,21(4):309–319 (in Chinese).
    Jiang G Z,Gao P,Rao S,Zhang L Y,Tang X Y,Huang F,Zhao P,Pang Z H,He L J,Hu S B,Wang J Y. 2016. Compilation of heat flow data in the continental area of China (4th edition)[J]. Chinese Journal of Geophysics,59(8):2892–2910 (in Chinese).
    Kan R J,Lin Z Y. 1986. A preliminary study on crustal and upper mantle structures in Yunnan[J]. Earthquake Research in China,2(4):52–63 (in Chinese).
    Li Y H,Wu Q J,Tian X B,Zhang R Q,Pan J T,Zeng R S. 2009. Crustal structure in the Yunnan region determined by modeling receiver functions[J]. Chinese Journal of Geophysics,52(1):67–80 (in Chinese).
    Liu W,Wu Q J,Zhang F X. 2019. Crustal structure of southeastern Tibetan Plateau inferred from double-difference tomography[J]. Acta Seismologica Sinica,41(2):155–168 (in Chinese).
    Ma H S,Wang S Y,Pei S P,Liu J,Hua W,Zhou L Q. 2007. Q0 tomography of S wave attenuation in Sichuan-Yunnan and adjacent regions[J]. Chinese Journal of Geophysics,50(2):465–471 (in Chinese). doi: 10.1002/cjg2.1056
    Mao Y,Liu Z F,Ye J Q,Li Z H. 2016. Analysis on strong earthquake risk of Xiaojiang fault zone[J]. Journal of Seismological Research,39(2):213–217 (in Chinese).
    Pei S P,Liu J,Ma H S,Gao X,Su J R. 2010. Dynamic variation of S-wave Q value beneath Sichuan-Yunnan,China[J]. Chinese Journal of Geophysics,53(7):1639–1652 (in Chinese).
    Su W,Wu J P,Ming Y H,Wang C Y. 2006. Lg coda Q0 value and its relation with the tectonics in Chinese mainland and adjacent regions[J]. Acta Seismologica Sinica,28(2):132–140 (in Chinese).
    Wang C Y,Mooney W D,Wang X L,Wu J P,Lou H,Wang F. 2002. Study on 3-D velocity structure of crust and upper mantle in Sichuan-Yunnan region,China[J]. Acta Seismologica Sinica,24(1):1–16 (in Chinese).
    Wang J Y, Huang S P. 1990. Compilation of heat flow data in the China continental area (2th
    Wang Q C,Liu J,Zheng S H,Chen Z L. 2005. Frequency-dependent attenuation of P and S in Yunnan region[J]. Acta Seismologica Sinica,27(6):588–597 (in Chinese).
    Wang S,Xu X Y,Hu J F. 2015. Review on the study of crustal structure and geodynamic models for the southeast margin of the Tibetan Plateau[J]. Chinese Journal of Geophysics,58(11):4235–4253 (in Chinese).
    Wei W,Sun R M,Shi Y L. 2010. P-wave tomographic images beneath southeastern Tibet:Investigating the mechanism of the 2008 Wenchuan earthquake[J]. Science China Earth Sciences,53(9):1252–1259. doi: 10.1007/s11430-010-4037-5
    Wu J P,Ming Y H,Wang C Y. 2001. The S wave velocity structure beneath digital seismic stations of Yunnan Province inferred from teleseismic receiver function modelling[J]. Chinese Journal of Geophysics,44(2):228–237 (in Chinese).
    Xu Q,Wang J A,Wang J Y,Zhang W R. 1992. Terrestrial heat flow and its tectonic significance in Yunnan, China[J]. Geotectonica et Metallogenia,16(3):285–299 (in Chinese).
    Xu Y,Liu J H,Liu F T,Song H B,Hao T Y,Jiang W W. 2003. Crust and uppermantle structure of the Ailaoshan-Red Rive fault zone and adjacent regions[J]. Science China Earth Sciences,33(12):1201–1208 (in Chinese).
    Xu Y G,Zhong S L. 2001. The Emeishan large igneous province:Evidence for mantle plume activity and melting conditions[J]. Geochimica,30(1):1–9 (in Chinese).
    Zhang J L,Zhu X Y,Ma Q Y. 2019. Lg-wave attenuation and site response in Ningxia region[J]. Acta Seismologica Sinica,41(4):425–434 (in Chinese).
    Zhang P Z. 2008. The present tectonic deformation,strain distribution and deep dynamic process in the western Sichuan area on the eastern margin of the Qinghai Tibet Plateau[J]. Science China Earth Sciences,38(9):1041–1056 (in Chinese).
    Zhao L F,Xie X B,Wang W M,Yao Z X. 2018. A broadband crustal Lg wave attenuation model in northeast China and the Korean Peninsula[J]. Chinese Journal of Geophysics,61(3):856–871 (in Chinese).
    Zheng C,Ding Z F,Song X D. 2016. Joint inversion of surface wave dispersion and receiver functions for crustal and uppermost mantle structure in southeast Tibetan Plateau[J]. Chinese Journal of Geophysics,59(9):3223–3236 (in Chinese).
    Zheng X F,Ouyang B,Zhang D N,Yao Z X,Liang J H,Zheng J. 2009. Technical system construction of Data Backup Centre for China Seismograph Network and the data support to researches on the Wenchuan earthquake[J]. Chinese Journal of Geophysics,52(5):1412–1417 (in Chinese).
    Zhou L Q,Zhao C P,Xiu J G,Chen Z L,Zheng S H. 2008a. Methods and developments of research on crustal Q value by using earthquakes[J]. Recent Developments in World Seismology,(2):1–11 (in Chinese).
    Zhou L Q,Zhao C P,Xiu J G,Chen Z L. 2008b. Tomography of Q Lg in Sichuan-Yunnan zone[J]. Chinese Journal of Geophysics,51(6):1745–1752 (in Chinese).
    Avouac J P,Tapponnier P. 1993. Kinematic model of active deformation in central Asia[J]. Geophys Res Lett,20(10):895–898. doi: 10.1029/93GL00128
    Bai D H,Unsworth M J,Meju M A,Ma X B,Teng J W,Kong X R,Sun Y,Sun J,Wang L F,Jiang C S,Zhao C P,Xiao P F,Liu M. 2010. Crustal deformation of the eastern Tibetan Plateau revealed by magnetotelluric imaging[J]. Nat Geosci,3:358–362. doi: 10.1038/ngeo830
    Bao X W,Sun X X,Xu M J,Eaton D W,Song X D,Wang L S,Ding Z F,Mi N,Li H,Yu D Y,Huang Z C,Wang P. 2015. Two crustal low-velocity channels beneath SE Tibet revealed by joint inversion of Rayleigh wave dispersion and receiver functions[J]. Earth Planet Sci Lett,415:16–24. doi: 10.1016/j.jpgl.2015.01.020
    Bao X Y,Sandvol E,Ni J,Hearn T,Chen Y J,Shen Y. 2011. High resolution regional seismic attenuation tomography in eastern Tibetan Plateau and adjacent regions[J]. Geophys Res Lett,38(16):L16304.
    Bao X Y,Dalton C A,Jin G,Gaherty J B,Shen Y. 2016. Imaging Rayleigh wave attenuation with USArray[J]. Geophys J Int,206(1):241–259. doi: 10.1093/gji/ggw151
    Bouchon M. 1982. The complete synthesis of seismic crustal phases at regional distances[J]. J Geophys Res:Solid Earth,87(B3):1735–1741. doi: 10.1029/JB087iB03p01735
    Campillo M,Plantet J L,Bouchon M. 1985. Frequency-dependent attenuation in the crust beneath central France from Lg waves:Data analysis and numerical modeling[J]. Bull Seismol Soc Am,75(5):1395–1411. doi: 10.1785/BSSA0750051395
    Campillo M. 1990. Propagation and attenuation characteristics of the crustal phase Lg[J]. Pure Appl Geophys,132(1-2):1–19.
    Chapman D S,Rybach L. 1985. Heat flow anomalies and their interpretation[J]. J Geodyn,4(1/4):3–37.
    Chen Y,Zhang Z J,Sun C Q,Badal J. 2013. Crustal anisotropy from Moho converted Ps wave splitting analysis and geodynamic implications beneath the eastern margin of Tibet and surrounding regions[J]. Gondwana Res,24(3/4):946–957.
    Chen Y L,Xie J K. 2017. Resolution,uncertainty and data predictability of tomographic Lg attenuation models:Application to southeastern China[J]. Geophys J Int,210(1):166–183. doi: 10.1093/gji/ggx147
    Chun K Y,West G F,Kokoski R J,Samson C. 1987. A novel technique for measuring Lg attenuation:Results from eastern Canada between 1 to 10 Hz[J]. Bull Seismol Soc Am,77(2):398–419. doi: 10.1785/BSSA0770020398
    Chung T W,Noh M H,Kim J K,Park Y K,Yoo H J,Lees J M. 2007. A study of the regional variation of low-frequency around the Korean Peninsula[J]. Bull Seismol Soc Am,97(6):2190–2197. doi: 10.1785/0120070066
    Clark M K,Royden L H. 2000. Topographic ooze:Building the eastern margin of Tibet by lower crustal flow[J]. Geology,28(8):703–706. doi: 10.1130/0091-7613(2000)28<703:TOBTEM>2.0.CO;2
    Der Z A,Marshall M E,O’Donnell A,McElfresh T W. 1984. Spatial coherence structure and attenuation of the Lg phase,site effects,and the interpretation of the Lg coda[J]. Bull Seismol Soc Am,74(4):1125–1147.
    England P,Molnar P. 2005. Late Quaternary to decadal velocity fields in Asia[J]. J Geophys Res,110:B12401. doi: 10.1029/2004JB003541
    Ford S R,Dreger D S,Mayeda K,Walter W R,Malagnini L,Phillips W S. 2008. Regional attenuation in northern California:A comparison of five 1D Q methods[J]. Bull Seismol Soc Am,98(4):2033–2046. doi: 10.1785/0120070218
    Furumura T,Kennett B L N. 1997. On the nature of regional seismic phases:II. On the influence of structural barriers[J]. Geophys J Int,129(2):221–234. doi: 10.1111/j.1365-246X.1997.tb01577.x
    Gan W J,Zhang P Z,Shen Z K,Niu Z J,Wang M,Wan Y G,Zhou D M,Cheng J. 2007. Present-day crustal motion within the Tibetan Plateau inferred from GPS measurements[J]. J Geophys Res:Solid Earth,112:B08416.
    Gündüz H,Ayşe K Ö,Aysun B G,Niyazi T. 1998. S-wave attenuation in the Marmara region,northwestern Turkey[J]. Geophys Res Lett,25(14):2733–2736. doi: 10.1029/98GL02042
    He B,Xu Y G,Chung S L,Xiao L,Wang Y M. 2003. Sedimentary evidence for a rapid,kilometer-scale crustal doming prior to the eruption of the Emeishan flood basalts[J]. Earth Planet Sci Lett,213(3/4):391–405.
    He J,Sandvol E,Wu Q J,Gao M T,Gallegos A,Ulziibat M,Demberel S. 2017. Attenuation of regional seismic phases (Lg and Sn) in eastern Mongolia[J]. Geophys J Int,211(2):979–989. doi: 10.1093/gji/ggx349
    Herrin E,Richmond J. 1960. On the propagation of the Lg phase[J]. Bull Seismol Soc Am,50(2):197–210. doi: 10.1785/BSSA0500020197
    Herrmann R B,Kijko A. 1983. Short-period Lg magnitudes:Instrument,attenuation,and source effects[J]. Bull Seismol Soc Am,73(6A):1835–1850. doi: 10.1785/BSSA07306A1835
    Kennett B L N,Mykkeltveit S. 1984. Guided wave propagation in laterally varying media:II. Lg-waves in north-western Europe[J]. Geophys J Int,79(1):257–267. doi: 10.1111/j.1365-246X.1984.tb02854.x
    Knopoff L,Schwab F,Kauselt E. 1973. Interpretation of Lg[J]. Geophys J Roy Astron Soc,33(4):389–404. doi: 10.1111/j.1365-246X.1973.tb02375.x
    Kristine M L,Roland B,Roger B,Jeffrey T F. 1999. Kinematics of the India-Eurasia collision zone from GPS measurements[J]. J Geophys Res:Earth Surface,104(B1):1077–1093. doi: 10.1029/1998JB900043
    Lees J M,Lindley G T. 1994. Three-dimensional attenuation tomography at Loma Prieta:Inversion of t* for Q[J]. J Geophys Res,99(B4):6843–6863. doi: 10.1029/93JB03460
    Li M K,Zhang S X,Wang F,Wu T F,Qin W B. 2016. Crustal and upper-mantle structure of the southeastern Tibetan Plateau from joint analysis of surface wave dispersion and receiver functions[J]. J Asian Earth Sci,117(9):52–63.
    Liang X F,Sandvol E,Kay S,Heit B,Yuan X H,Mulcahy P,Chen C,Brown L,Comte D,Alvarado P. 2014. Delamination of southern Puna lithosphere revealed by body wave attenuation tomography[J]. J Geophys Res:Solid Earth,119(1):549–566. doi: 10.1002/2013JB010309
    Mayeda K,Hofstetter A,O’Boyle J L,Walter W R. 2003. Stable and transportable region magnitudes based on coda-derived moment-rate spectra[J]. Bull Seismol Soc Am,93(1):224–239. doi: 10.1785/0120020020
    Mitchell B J. 1980. Frequency dependence of shear wave internal friction in the continental crust of eastern North America[J]. J Geophys Res:Solid Earth,91(B2):2137–2151.
    Mitchell B J. 1995. An elastic structure and evolution of the continental crust and upper mantle from seismic surface wave attenuation[J]. Rev Geophys,33(4):441–462. doi: 10.1029/95RG02074
    Mitchell B J,Hwang H J. 1987. Effect of low Q sediments and crustal Q on Lg attenuation in the United States[J]. Bull Seismol Soc Am,77(4):1197–1210. doi: 10.1785/BSSA0770041197
    Myers S C,Beck S,Zandt G,Wallace T. 1998. Lithospheric-scale structure across the Bolivian Andes from tomographic images of velocity and attenuation for P and S waves[J]. J Geophys Res,103(B9):21233–21252. doi: 10.1029/98JB00956
    Nuttli O W. 1986. Yield estimates of Nevada test site explosions obtained from seismic Lg waves[J]. J Geophys Res:Solid Earth,91(B2):2137–2151. doi: 10.1029/JB091iB02p02137
    Paige C C,Saunders M A. 1982. LSQR:An algorithm for sparse linear equations and sparse least squares[J]. ACM Trans Math Softw,8(1):43–71. doi: 10.1145/355984.355989
    Ranasinghe N R,Gallegos A,Hearn T,Ni J,Sandvol E. 2018. Frequency-dependent Lg attenuation in northeast China and its implications[J]. Geophys J Int,212(3):2131–2142. doi: 10.1093/gji/ggx522
    Replumaz A,Tapponnier P. 2003. Reconstruction of the deformed collision zone between India and Asia by backward motion of lithospheric blocks[J]. J Geophys Res,108(B6):2285.
    Ringdal F,Marshall P D,Alewine R W. 1992. Seismic yield determination of Soviet underground nuclear explosions at the Shagan River test site[J]. Geophys J Int,109(1):65–77. doi: 10.1111/j.1365-246X.1992.tb00079.x
    Royden L H,Burchfiel B C,King R W,Wang E C E,Chen Z L,Shen F,Liu Y P. 1997. Surface deformation and lower crustal flow in eastern Tibet[J]. Science,276(5313):788–790. doi: 10.1126/science.276.5313.788
    Royden L H,Burchfiel B C,Van Der Hilst R D. 2008. The geological evolution of the Tibetan Plateau[J]. Science,321(5892):1054–1058. doi: 10.1126/science.1155371
    Sandvol E,Al-Damegh K,Calvert A,Seber D,Barazangi M,Mohamad R,Gök R,Türkelli N,Gürbüz C. 2001. Tomographic imaging of Lg and Sn propagation in the Middle East[J]. Pure Appl Geophys,158(7):1121–1163. doi: 10.1007/PL00001218
    Sato R. 1967. Attenuation of seismic waves[J]. J Phys Earth,15(2):32–61. doi: 10.4294/jpe1952.15.32
    Schurr B,Asch G,Rietbrock A,Trumbull R,Haberland C. 2003. Complex patterns of fluid and melt transport in the central Andean subduction zone revealed by attenuation tomography[J]. Earth Planet Sci Lett,215(1/2):105–119.
    Stachnik J C,Abers G A,Christensen D H. 2004. Seismic attenuation and mantle wedge temperatures in the Alaska subduction zone[J]. J Geophys Res:Solid Earth,109(B10):B10304.
    Tapponnier P,Molnar P. 1976. Slip-line field theory and large-scale continental tectonics[J]. Nature,264(5584):319–324. doi: 10.1038/264319a0
    Tapponnier P,Molnar P. 1977. Active faulting and tectonics in China[J]. J Geophys Res,82(20):2905–2930. doi: 10.1029/JB082i020p02905
    Tapponnier P,Peltzer G,Le Dain A Y,Armijo R,Cobbold P. 1982. Propagating extrusion tectonics in Asia:New insights from simple experiments with plasticine[J]. Geology,10(12):611. doi: 10.1130/0091-7613(1982)10<611:PETIAN>2.0.CO;2
    Wang C Y,Huangfu G. 2004. Crustal structure in Tengchong volcano-geothermal area,western Yunnan,China[J]. Tectonophysics,380(1/2):69–87.
    Wang E C,Burchfiel B C. 2000. Late Cenozoic to Holocene deformation in southwestern Sichuan and adjacent Yunnan,China,and its role in formation of the southeastern part of the Tibetan Plateau[J]. Geol Soc Am Bull,112(3):413–423. doi: 10.1130/0016-7606(2000)112<413:LCTHDI>2.0.CO;2
    Wei Z,Zhao L. 2019. Lg-Q model and its implication on high-frequency ground motion for earthquakes in the Sichuan and Yunnan region[J]. Earth Planet Phys,3(6):526–536.
    Xie J. 2002. Lg Q in the eastern Tibetan Plateau[J]. Bull Seismol Soc Am,92(2):871–876. doi: 10.1785/0120010154
    Xie J,Nuttli O. 1988. Interpretation of high-frequency coda at large distances:Stochastic modelling and method of inversion[J]. Geophys J Int,95(3):579–595. doi: 10.1111/j.1365-246X.1988.tb06705.x
    Xie J,Mitchell B J. 1990. Attenuation of multiphase surface waves in the Basin and Range province,part I:Lg and Lg coda[J]. Geophys J Int,102(1):121–137. doi: 10.1111/j.1365-246X.1990.tb00535.x
    Yang X N. 2002. A numerical investigation of Lg geometrical spreading[J]. Bull Seismol Soc Am,92(8):3067–3079. doi: 10.1785/0120020046
    Yao H J,Beghein C,van der Hilst R D. 2008. Surface wave array tomography in SE Tibet from ambient seismic noise and two-station analysis:II. Crustal and upper-mantle structure[J]. Geophys J Int,173(1):205–219. doi: 10.1111/j.1365-246X.2007.03696.x
    Zhang Z J,Bai Z M,Wang C Y,Teng J W,Lü Q T,Li J L,Sun S X,Wang X Z. 2005a. Crustal structure of Gondwana- and Yangtze-typed blocks:An example by wide-angle seismic profile from Menglian to Malong in western Yunnan[J]. Science China Earth Sciences,48(11):1828–1836. doi: 10.1360/03yd0547
    Zhang Z J,Bai Z M,Wang C Y,Teng J W,Lü Q T,Li J L,Liu Y F,Liu Z K. 2005b. The crustal structure under Sanjiang and its dynamic implications:Revealed by seismic reflection/refraction profile between Zhefang and Binchuan,Yunnan[J]. Science China Earth Sciences,48(9):1329–1336. doi: 10.1360/01yd0567
    Zhao L F,Xie X B,Wang W M,Zhang J H,Yao Z X. 2010. Seismic Lg-wave Q tomography in and around northeast China[J]. J Geophys Res:Solid Earth,115(B8):B08307.
    Zheng C,Zhang R Q,Wu Q J,Li Y H,Zhang F X,Shi K X,Ding Z F. 2019. Variations in crustal and uppermost mantle structures across eastern Tibet and adjacent regions:Implications of crustal flow and asthenospheric upwelling combined for expansions of the Tibetan Plateau[J]. Tectonics,38(8):3167–3181. doi: 10.1029/2018TC005276
  • 加载中


    通讯作者: 陈斌, bchen63@163.com
    • 1. 

      沈阳化工大学材料科学与工程学院 沈阳 110142

    1. 本站搜索
    2. 百度学术搜索
    3. 万方数据库搜索
    4. CNKI搜索


    Article Metrics

    Article views (209) PDF downloads(41) Cited by()
    Proportional views


    DownLoad:  Full-Size Img  PowerPoint