Volume 43 Issue 5
Sep.  2021
Turn off MathJax
Article Contents
Zhong J,Wang B,Yan W,Ma Y C. 2021. Dynamic characteristics of fault hydrogen concentration in Aksu and its earthquake reflecting efficiency. Acta Seismologica Sinica,43(5):615−627 doi: 10.11939/jass.20210007
Citation: Zhong J,Wang B,Yan W,Ma Y C. 2021. Dynamic characteristics of fault hydrogen concentration in Aksu and its earthquake reflecting efficiency. Acta Seismologica Sinica43(5):615−627 doi: 10.11939/jass.20210007

Dynamic characteristics of fault hydrogen concentration in Aksu and its earthquake reflecting efficiency

doi: 10.11939/jass.20210007
  • Received Date: 2021-01-17
  • Rev Recd Date: 2021-04-02
  • Available Online: 2021-10-11
  • Publish Date: 2021-09-30
  • This paper firstly analyzed the periodic components of the fault hydrogen concentration observation data in Aksu, and then explored the relationship between temperature, atmospheric pressure and the annual periodic components of hydrogen concentration using the linear regression and cross-correlation methods, respectively. At the same time, the Molchan error diagram method was used to quantitatively verify the earthquake reflecting efficiency of fault hydrogen in Aksu. The results show that: ① Fault hydrogen concentration in Aksu has clear annual and semi-daily periodic components; ② There is a significant positive correlation between the annual dynamic changes of fault hydrogen concentration and temperature, and a general correlation between the annual dynamic changes of hydrogen concentration and atmospheric pressure, indicating that the annual periodic changes of hydrogen concentration are mainly affected by temperature. The results from Molchan error diagram method show that the fault hydrogen concentration anomaly in Aksu is more sensitive to moderate-strong earthquakes around the observation point, suggesting better earthquake reflecting efficiency.


  • loading
  • [1]
    Che Y T,Liu Y W,He L. 2015. Hydrogen monitoring in fault zone soil gas: A new approach to short/immediate earthquake prediction[J]. Earthquake,35(4):1–10 (in Chinese).
    Chen F. 1996. Hydrogen:The important source of fluid in earth interior[J]. Earth Science Frontiers,3(34):72–79 (in Chinese).
    Chen J B. 2008. Research on Seismotectonic Features in Xinjiang[D]. Lanzhou: Lanzhou Institute of Seismology, China Earthquake Administration: 51 (in Chinese).
    Deng Q D,Zhang P Z,Ran Y K,Yang X P,Min W,Chen L C. 2003. Active tectonics and earthquake activities in China[J]. Earth Science Frontiers,10(S1):66–73 (in Chinese).
    Du J G,Liu L Z,Kang C L. 1997. The role of deep-crust fluids in earthquake activity[J]. Advances in Earth Science,12(5):416–421 (in Chinese).
    Du J G,Yu W X,Li S Q,Jian C L,Zhu Z Q,Chen H J,Kang C L. 1998. The geochemical characteristics of escaped radon from the Babaoshan fault zone and its earthquake reflecting effect[J]. Earthquake,18(2):155–162 (in Chinese).
    Du L T,Chen A F,Wang J,Huang S T. 1995. Discharge of hydrogen from the earth[J]. Bulletin of Mineralogy,Petrology and Geochemistry,14(3):193–195 (in Chinese).
    Fan X F,Liu G J,Huang C L,He L,Li X N. 2014. Investigation and research of gas hydrogen concentration anomaly of Dongguo fault in Shanxi[J]. Journal of Seismological Research,37(2):171–177 (in Chinese).
    Fan X F,Zhang L,Li Z H,Tao J L. 2016. High-accuracy analysis of soil hydrogen anomaly in fault zone[J]. Seismology and Geology,38(2):303–315 (in Chinese).
    Fan X F,Yang Z M,Li H W,Wu G E,Han X F. 2020. Research on variation characteristics and influence factors of hydrogen concentration in the soil[J]. Journal of Seismological Research,43(2):302–309 (in Chinese).
    Fang Z,Zhang B,Li J H,Sun P P,Wang S X,Miao P. 2020. Characteristics and difference of trace hydrogen in escape gas from geothermal hot spring well and soil[J]. China Earthquake Engineering Journal,42(3):705–713 (in Chinese).
    Feng X Y. 1985. Seismogeological characteristics of the Xinjiang area[J]. Seismology and Geology,7(2):35–44 (in Chinese).
    He W Y,Li J H,Qian X L,Zheng D M. 2002. Analysis of fault structures in the Kalpin uplift,Tarim basin[J]. Geology in China,29(1):37–43 (in Chinese).
    Huang R F,Sun W D,Ding X,Wang Y R,Zhan W H. 2015. Experimental investigation of iron mobility during serpentinization[J]. Acta Petrologica Sinica,31(3):883–890 (in Chinese).
    Jiang C S,Zhang L P,Han L B,Lai G J. 2011. Probabilistic forecasting method of long-term and intermediate-term seismichazardⅠ:Molchan error diagram[J]. Earthquake,31(2):106–113 (in Chinese).
    Jiang F L, Li G R, Wang J H, Zhang P R, Zhu K W. 1989. Seismological Geochemistry[M]. Beijing: Seismological Press: 55–57 (in Chinese).
    Liu H Y,Lai A J,Feng Y,Pan Z S. 2020. Reliability analysis of hydrogen anomaly in Akesu west bridge fault before Kuche MS5.7 earthquake on September 16th,2017[J]. Inland Earthquake,34(2):187–195 (in Chinese).
    Liu Y W,Shi J,Cao L L,Pan S X. 2000. The discriminant method of medium and short-term anomaly and evaluation of prediction effect of hydrochemical parameters[J]. Earthquake,20(S1):97–106 (in Chinese).
    Shao J A,Zhao Y,Lu Y F,Tang K D. 2010. The relation between H2 release and earthquake and block structure in Heilongjiang Province[J]. Earth Science Frontiers,17(5):271–277 (in Chinese).
    Song C Y,Ma J,Wang H T,Zhang L L. 2018. Study on meta-instability stage and instable section of the fault before strong earthquake:Taking western section of southern Tianshan as an example[J]. Chinese Journal of Geophysics,61(2):604–615 (in Chinese).
    Su Q C,Zeller E,Angino E. 1992. Evolvement of hydrogen evoked along faults on earthquakes[J]. Acta Seismologica Sinica,14(2):229–235 (in Chinese).
    Sun X L,Shao Z G,Si X Y,Xiang Y,Liu D Y. 2017. Soil hydrogen concentration in fault zone:Analysis of correspondinginfluence factors[J]. Journal of Geodesy and Geodynamics,37(4):436–440 (in Chinese).
    Wang B,Zhong J,Wang Y X,Chen S. 2018. Testing the forecast efficiency of underground fluid observation in the north segment of North-South Seismic Belt[J]. Earthquake,38(1):147–156 (in Chinese).
    Wang B,Zhou Y S. 2017. Review:Fault hydrogen mechanism and its interrelation with seismic activity[J]. Progress in Geophy-sics,32(5):1921–1929 (in Chinese).
    Xiang Y,Sun X L,Gao X Q,Zhu C Y,Li N. 2018. The influential factors of fault hydrogen concentration and the potential efficiency evaluation of earthquake prediction in Korla,Xinjiang[J]. Earthquake Research in China,34(1):48–59 (in Chinese).
    Zhang T,Zhu C Y,Xiang Y. 2016. Primary research on observation data of trace amounts of hydrogen in Akesu[J]. Inland Earthquake,30(2):162–167 (in Chinese).
    Zhang P Z,Deng Q D,Zhang G M,Ma J,Gan W J,Min W,Mao F Y,Wang Q. 2003. Active tectonic blocks and strong earthquakes in the continent of China[J]. Science in China:Series D,33(S1):12–20 (in Chinese).
    Zhou X C,Shi H Y,Chen C,Zeng L H,Sun F X,Li J,Chen Z,Lü C J,Huang D,Du J G. 2017. Spatial-temporal variations of H2 concentration in soil gas in the seismic fault zone produced by the Wenchuan MS8.0 earthquake[J]. Advances in Earth Science,32(8):818–827 (in Chinese).
    Dogan T,Mori T,Tsunomori F,Notsu K. 2007. Soil H2 and CO2 surveys at several active faults in Japan[J]. Pure Appl Geophys,164(12):2449–2463. doi: 10.1007/s00024-007-0277-5
    Fang Z,Liu Y W,Yang D X,Guo L S,Zhang L. 2018. Real-time hydrogen mud logging during the Wenchuan earthquake fault scientific drilling project (WFSD),holes 2 and 3 in SW China[J]. Geosci J,22(3):453–464. doi: 10.1007/s12303-017-0068-7
    Freund F,Dickinson J T,Cash M. 2002. Hydrogen in rocks:An energy source for deep microbial communities[J]. Astrobiology,2(1):83–92. doi: 10.1089/153110702753621367
    Gold T,Soter S. 1980. The deep earth gas hypothesis[J]. Sci Am,242(6):154–161. doi: 10.1038/scientificamerican0680-154
    Kameda J,Saruwatari K,Tanaka H,Tsunomori F. 2004. Mechanisms of hydrogen generation during the mechanochemical treatment of biotite within D2O media[J]. Earth Planets Space,56(12):1241–1245. doi: 10.1186/BF03353346
    King C Y,Zhang W,Zhang Z C. 2006. Earthquake-induced groundwater and gas changes[J]. Pure Appl Geophys,163(4):633–645. doi: 10.1007/s00024-006-0049-7
    Lombardi S,Voltattorni N. 2010. Rn,He and CO2 soil gas geochemistry for the study of active and inactive faults[J]. Appl Geochem,25(8):1206–1220. doi: 10.1016/j.apgeochem.2010.05.006
    Ma Y C,Wang G C,Tao Y C. 2018. Hydrological changes induced by distant earthquakes at the Lujiang well in Anhui,China[J]. Pure Appl Geophys,175(7):2459–2474. doi: 10.1007/s00024-017-1710-z
    McFadden P D,Cook J G,Forster L M. 1999. Decomposition of gear vibration signals by the generalised S transform[J]. Mech Syst Signal Process,13(5):691–707. doi: 10.1006/mssp.1999.1233
    Molchan G M. 1990. Strategies in strong earthquake prediction[J]. Phys Earth Planet Int,61(1/2):84–98. doi: 10.1016/0031-9201(90)90097-H
    Pizzino L,Burrato P,Quattrocchi F,Valensise G. 2004. Geochemical signatures of large active faults:The example of the 5 February 1783,Calabrian earthquake (southern Italy)[J]. J Seismol,8(3):363–380. doi: 10.1023/B:JOSE.0000038455.56343.e7
    Sato M,McGee K A. 1982. Continuous monitoring of hydrogen on south flank of Mount St. Helens[J]. USGS Professional Paper,1250:209–219.
    Sibson R H. 1977. Fault rocks and fault mechanisms[J]. J Geol Soc,133(3):191–213. doi: 10.1144/gsjgs.133.3.0191
    Sugisaki R. 1984. Relation between hydrogen emission and seismic activities[J]. Pure Appl Geophy,122(2):175–184.
    Wakita H,Nakamura Y,Kita I,Fujii N,Notsu K. 1980. Hydrogen release:New indicator of fault activity[J]. Science,210(4466):188–190. doi: 10.1126/science.210.4466.188
    Wang C Y,Chia Y P,Wang P L,Dreger D. 2009. Role of S waves and Love waves in coseismic permeability enhancement[J]. Geophys Res Lett,36(9):L09404.
    Wang C Y,Manga M. 2010. Hydrologic responses to earthquakes and a general metric[J]. Geofluids,10(1/2):206–216.
    Wang C Y,Manga M,Wang C H,Chen C H. 2012. Transient change in groundwater temperature after earthquakes[J]. Geology,40(2):119–122. doi: 10.1130/G32565.1
    Whiticar M J. 1999. Carbon and hydrogen isotope systematic of bacterial formation and oxidation of methane[J]. Chem Geol,161(1/2/3):291–314. doi: 10.1016/S0009-2541(99)00092-3
    Zhou X C,Chen Z,Cui Y J. 2016. Environmental impact of CO2,Rn,Hg degassing from the rupture zones produced by Wenchuan MS8.0 earthquake in western Sichuan,China[J]. Environ Geochem Health,38(5):1067–1082. doi: 10.1007/s10653-015-9773-1
  • 加载中


    通讯作者: 陈斌, bchen63@163.com
    • 1. 

      沈阳化工大学材料科学与工程学院 沈阳 110142

    1. 本站搜索
    2. 百度学术搜索
    3. 万方数据库搜索
    4. CNKI搜索

    Figures(9)  / Tables(1)

    Article Metrics

    Article views (89) PDF downloads(35) Cited by()
    Proportional views


    DownLoad:  Full-Size Img  PowerPoint