共轭地震与地壳介质内摩擦系数的测定

王安简 陈运泰

王安简,陈运泰. 2022. 共轭地震与地壳介质内摩擦系数的测定. 地震学报,44(0):1−19 doi: 10.11939/jass.20210111
引用本文: 王安简,陈运泰. 2022. 共轭地震与地壳介质内摩擦系数的测定. 地震学报,44(0):1−19 doi: 10.11939/jass.20210111
Wang A J,Chen Y T. 2022. Conjugate earthquake and measurement of friction coefficient in crustal medium. Acta Seismologica Sinica,44(0):1−19 doi: 10.11939/jass.20210111
Citation: Wang A J,Chen Y T. 2022. Conjugate earthquake and measurement of friction coefficient in crustal medium. Acta Seismologica Sinica44(0):1−19 doi: 10.11939/jass.20210111

共轭地震与地壳介质内摩擦系数的测定

doi: 10.11939/jass.20210111
基金项目: 国家自然科学基金项目(41374069)资助
详细信息
    作者简介:

    王安简,学历,研究方向

    通讯作者:

    陈运泰,博士,院士,主要从事研究,e-mail:chenyt@cea-igp.ac.cn

  • 中图分类号:  

Conjugate earthquake and measurement of friction coefficient in crustal medium

  • 摘要: 安德逊理论表明地震的共轭破裂现象可以用库仑准则解释,断层面夹角与地下岩石内摩擦系数之间存在简单的定量关系。本文基于作者提出的通过共轭地震计算介质内摩擦系数的方法,对国内外19个具有“X”形或不完整的“X”形(“L”形)共轭破裂特征的地震进行系统性分析,与震源机制、区域应力轴方向等资料进行对比,确定共轭断层面,进而确定共轭面夹角并计算岩石的内摩擦系数。研究结果进一步证实了天然地震的共轭破裂与实验室岩石破裂具有较好的一致性,库仑准则与安德逊理论在大尺度下也成立的证据,表明通过共轭角确定地下介质的内摩擦系数是一种作为对地下介质特性认知的有益补充。

     

  • 图  1  用莫尔圆表示库仑破裂准则。横坐标表示作用于岩石中某一平面的正应力σn;纵坐标表示作用于某一平面上的剪切应力τσ1σ2σ3表示最大、中间、最小主压应力;θ表示破裂面与σ1轴之间的夹角

    Figure  1.  Coulomb’s failure criterion expressed by Mohr circle. The abscissa represents the normal stress σn acting on a certain plane in the rock,the ordinate represents the shear stress τ acting on a certain plane, σ1σ2 and σ3 represent the maximum,intermediate,and minimum principal compressive stresses,and θ represents the angle between the fracture surface and the σ1 axis

    图  2  共轭角2θ与主应力的关系

    Figure  2.  Relationship between conjugate angle 2θ and principle stress

    图  3  三类主要断层模式

    (a)正断层;(b)逆断层;(c)走滑断层

    Figure  3.  Three main fault types

    (a) Normal fault;(b) Reverse fault;(c) Strike-slip fault

    图  4  2016年8月24日起意大利中部MW6.5地震共轭破裂特征分析(修改自Porreca et al,2018

    Figure  4.  Analysis of conjugate rupture characteristics of the MW6.5 earthquake in central Italy on August 24,2016 (modified from Porreca et al,2018

    图  5  1979年3月15日美国加州Homestead Valley ML4.9,ML5.2,ML4.5,ML4.9地震序列共轭破裂特征分析 (修改自Stein,Lisowski,1983

    Figure  5.  Analysis of conjugate rupture characteristics of the ML4.9,ML5.2,ML4.5,ML4.9 earthquake sequence in Homestead Valley,California,USA on March 15,1979 (modified from Stein,Lisowski,1983

    图  6  1984年11月23日美国加州Round Valley ML5.8地震共轭破裂特征分析(修改自Priestley et al,1988

    Figure  6.  Analysis of conjugate rupture characteristics of the ML5.8 earthquake in Round Valley,California,USA on November 23th,1984 (modified from Priestley et al,1988

    图  7  1987年11月17日美国阿拉斯加湾(Gulf of Alaska)MW7.2地震序列共轭破裂特征分析(修改自Hwang,Kanamori,1992

    Figure  7.  Analysis of conjugate rupture characteristics of the MW7.2 earthquake sequence in Gulf of Alaska,USA on November 17,1987 (modified from Hwang,Kanamori,1992

    图  8  1992年4月23日美国加州兰德斯(Landers)MW6.1地震序列共轭破裂特征分析(修改自Hauksson et al,1993

    Figure  8.  Analysis of conjugate rupture characteristics of the MW6.1 earthquake sequence in Landers,California,USA on April 23,1992 (modified from Hauksson et al,1993

    图  9  1994年5月26日,2004年2月24日和2016年1月25日摩洛哥Al Hociema MW6.0,MW6.4和MW6.3地震序列共轭破裂特征分析(修改自 Kariche et al,2018

    Figure  9.  Analysis of conjugate rupture characteristics of the MW6.0,MW6.4 and MW6.3 earthquake sequences in Al Hociema,Morocco on May 26,1994,February 24,2004,and January 25,2016 (modified from Kariche et al,2018

    图  10  1994年9月12日美国内华达州Double Spring Flat MW5.8地震共轭破裂特征分析(修改自Amelung,Bell,2003

    Figure  10.  Analysis of conjugate rupture characteristics of the MW5.8 earthquake in Double Spring Flat,Nevada,USA on September 12,1994 (modified from Amelung,Bell,2003

    图  11  1998年6月4日,11月13日冰岛Hengill MW6.4和Ölfus MW6.1地震共轭破裂特征分析(修改自Parameswaran et al,2020

    Figure  11.  Analysis of conjugate rupture characteristics of the Hengill MW6.4 and Ölfus MW6.1 earthquakes in Iceland on June 4,1998 and November 13,1998 (modified from Parameswaran et al,2020

    图  12  2014年5月5日泰国Chiang Rai省Mae Lao地区MW6.2地震共轭破裂特征分析(修改自Pananont et al,2017)。右下角三角图表明大部分震源机制为走滑类型

    Figure  12.  Analysis of conjugate rupture characteristics of the MW6.2 earthquake in Mae Lao,Chiang Rai,Thailand on May 5,2014 (modified from Pananont et al,2017). The triangle diagram in the lower right corner shows that most of the focal mechanisms are strike-slip type

    图  13  2018年6月17日日本大阪MW5.5地震共轭破裂特征分析(修改自Li et al,2019

    Figure  13.  Analysis of conjugate rupture characteristics of the MW5.5 earthquake in Osaka,Japan on June 17,2018 (modified from Li et al,2019

    图  14  1974年5月11日我国云南永善—大关MS7.1地震序列共轭破裂特征分析(修改自刘万琴,陈运泰,1979

    Figure  14.  Analysis of conjugate rupture characteristics of the MS7.1 earthquake in Yongshan-Daguan,Yunnan,China on May 11,1974 (modified from Liu,Chen,1979

    图  15  1995年10月24日我国云南武定MS6.5地震共轭破裂特征分析(修改自刁桂玲等,1999

    Figure  15.  Analysis of conjugate rupture characteristics of the MS6.5 earthquake in Wuding,Yunnan,China on October 24,1995 (modified from Diao et al,1999

    图  16  1991年7月1日,7月22日我国云南施甸MS5.0,5.2地震共轭破裂特征分析(修改自龙晓帆,2000

    Figure  16.  Analysis of conjugate rupture characteristics of the MS5.0,5.2 earthquakes in Shidian,Yunnan,China on July 1,1991,and July 22,1991 (modified from Long,2000

    图  17  2001年4月10日,4月12日,6月8日我国云南施甸MS5.2,MS5.9和MS5.3地震共轭破裂特征分析(修改自刘翔,赵小艳,2002

    Figure  17.  Analysis of conjugate rupture characteristics of the MS5.2,MS5.9 and MS5.3 earthquakes in Shidian,Yunnan,China on April 10,2001,April 12,2001 and June 8,2001 (modified from Liu,Zhao,2002

    图  18  1970年11月7日,12月13日我国川滇盐源—宁蒗MS6.7和MS6.4地震共轭破裂特征分析(修改自程式,任昭明,1999

    Figure  18.  Analysis of conjugate rupture characteristics of the MS6.7 and MS6.4 earthquakes in Yanyuan-Ninglang,China on Novermber 7,1970 and December 13,1970 (modified from Cheng,Ren,1999

    图  19  2001年2月14日,2月23日我国四川雅江MS5.0和MS6.0地震共轭破裂特征分析(修改自魏亚玲等,2001

    Figure  19.  Analysis of conjugate rupture characteristics of the MS5.0,and MS6.0 earthquakes in Yajiang,Sichuan,China on February 14,2001,and February 23,2001 (modified from Wei et al,2001

    图  20  2005年11月26日我国江西九江—瑞昌MS5.7地震共轭破裂特征分析(修改自吕坚等,2008

    Figure  20.  Analysis of conjugate rupture characteristics of the MS5.7 earthquake in Jiujiang−Ruichang,Jiangxi,China on November 26,2005 (modified from Lv et al,2001

    图  21  1983年11月7日我国山东菏泽MS5.9地震共轭破裂特征分析(修改自卢守安,1990

    Figure  21.  Analysis of conjugate rupture characteristics of the MS5.9 earthquake in Heze,Shandong,China on November 7,1983(modified from Lu,1990

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出版历程
  • 收稿日期:  2021-06-19
  • 修回日期:  2021-08-08
  • 网络出版日期:  2022-10-18

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