鄂尔多斯及周边区域噪声层析成像研究

刘靖 吴建平 王未来 蔡光耀 王薇

刘靖,吴建平,王未来,蔡光耀,王薇. 2021. 鄂尔多斯及周边区域噪声层析成像研究. 地震学报,43(2):152−167 doi: 10.11939/jass.20200099
引用本文: 刘靖,吴建平,王未来,蔡光耀,王薇. 2021. 鄂尔多斯及周边区域噪声层析成像研究. 地震学报,43(2):152−167 doi: 10.11939/jass.20200099
Liu J,Wu J P,Wang W L,Cai G Y,Wang W. 2021. Ambient noise tomography in the Ordos block and its surrounding areas. Acta Seismologica Sinica,43(2):152−167 doi: 10.11939/jass.20200099
Citation: Liu J,Wu J P,Wang W L,Cai G Y,Wang W. 2021. Ambient noise tomography in the Ordos block and its surrounding areas. Acta Seismologica Sinica43(2):152−167 doi: 10.11939/jass.20200099

鄂尔多斯及周边区域噪声层析成像研究

doi: 10.11939/jass.20200099
基金项目: 国家自然科学基金(41774102,41974058,41804057,41704064,41774067)、国家重点研发计划(2017YFC0404901)和中国地震局地球物理研究所基本科研业务费专项(DQJB16A03,DQJB17A01)共同资助
详细信息
    通讯作者:

    吴建平,e-mail:wjpwu@cea-igp.ac.cn

Ambient noise tomography in the Ordos block and its surrounding areas

  • 摘要: 基于中国地震科学探测台阵在鄂尔多斯及周边地区布设的461个地震台为期2年的地震观测资料,采用背景噪声层析成像方法,研究获得了鄂尔多斯及周边地区5—46 s周期、分辨率高达0.3°×0.3°的瑞雷面波相速度分布图像。与基于程函方程的地震面波成像结果对比看出,噪声层析成像在较短周期具有明显的优势(5—16 s),可以获得更高分辨率的成像结果。短周期(5—10 s)的相速度分布揭示,河套盆地、太原盆地和运城盆地等均表现为显著的低速异常,表明这些盆地的新生代沉积较厚,临汾盆地为弱低速异常,推测其沉积层相对较薄;鄂尔多斯地块内部浅层速度较低,与该地区中生代具有较厚的沉积相一致;大同火山区为高速异常,可能是由该地区分布的新生代玄武岩引起的。鄂尔多斯内部中上地壳存在明显的北东向高速异常带,推测很可能与鄂尔多斯地块的基底拼合有关。中长周期(20—44 s)的相速度成像结果显示,鄂尔多斯地块表现为明显的高速异常,该异常在灵石隆起和临汾盆地一带可向东延伸至太行山造山带,推测这一地区在华北克拉通破坏过程中属于破坏较轻的地区,保留了部分高速的岩石圈根。大同火山区及河套盆地地区具有明显的低速异常,随着周期的增加低速异常逐渐集中分布在大同火山区附近,推测河套盆地深部热作用可能源自其东部大同火山区附近的深部地幔。

     

  • 图  1  鄂尔多斯及其周边区域构造简图

    Figure  1.  Tectonic map of Ordos block and its surrounding regions

    图  2  14804地震台与其它台站的互相关函数

    Figure  2.  The cross-correlation functions between station 14804 and other stations

    图  3  提取相速度频散曲线的例子

    (a) 面波信号的提取;(b) 频散曲线图

    Figure  3.  Examples of phase velocity dispersion measurement

    (a) Surface wave signal extraction;(b) Dispersion curve

    图  4  L曲线法选择最佳平滑系数和阻尼系数

    (a) 阻尼系数设为70,得到反演后平滑系数最佳值为120;(b) 平滑系数设为120,得到反演后阻尼系数最佳值为80;(c) 阻尼系数设为80,得到反演后平滑系数最佳值为120

    Figure  4.  L-curve of damping and smoothing weight parameters

    (a) Given the damping coefficient of 70,the optimal value of the smoothing coefficient after inversion is 120;(b) Given the smoothing coefficient of 120,the best value of the damping coefficient after inversion is 80;(c) Given the damping coefficient of 80,the optimal value of the smoothing coefficient after inversion is 120

    图  5  对8 s,10 s,20 s和35 s周期相速度的检测板测试

    Figure  5.  Checkboard tests at the periods of 8 s,10 s,20 s and 35 s

    5  对8 s,10 s,20 s和35 s周期相速度的检测板测试

    5.  Checkboard tests at the periods of 8 s,10 s,20 s and 35 s

    图  6  不同周期的相速度成像结果

    Figure  6.  Phase velocity tomography map in different periods

    图  7  不同周期的相速度敏感程度

    图(a)为计算频散灵敏度系数所用的参考模型;图(b)—(d)分别表示不同周期范围的基阶瑞雷面波相速度在不同深度对横波速度的敏感程度分布

    Figure  7.  Sensitive kernels of phase velocities in different periods

    Fig.(a) denotes reference model used in dispersion sensitivity coefficient calculation;Figs.(b)−(d) Represent the sensitivity of phase velocities of fundamental Rayleigh wave in different periods with respect to the shear wave velocity at different depths,respectively

    图  8  背景噪声层析成像与地震面波层析成像结果对比

    Figure  8.  Comparison of phase velocity map between ambient noise tomography and surface wave tomography with earthquake

    图  10  三条相速度的剖面在不同周期的分布情况,剖面位置分布如图9所示

    Figure  10.  Phase velocity along three profiles at different periods. The locations of three profiles are plotted in the Fig. 9

    图  9  三条剖面的位置

    Figure  9.  Green lines are three profiles

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  • 收稿日期:  2020-06-12
  • 修回日期:  2020-07-15
  • 网络出版日期:  2021-04-26
  • 刊出日期:  2021-07-07

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