2022年1月8日青海门源MS6.9地震序列重定位和震源机制解研究

许英才 郭祥云 冯丽丽

许英才,郭祥云,冯丽丽. 2022. 2022年1月8日青海门源MS6.9地震序列重定位和震源机制解研究. 地震学报,44(2):195−210 doi: 10.11939/jass.20220008
引用本文: 许英才,郭祥云,冯丽丽. 2022. 2022年1月8日青海门源MS6.9地震序列重定位和震源机制解研究. 地震学报,44(2):195−210 doi: 10.11939/jass.20220008
Xu Y C,Guo X Y,Feng L L. 2022. Relocation and focal mechanism solutions of the MS6.9 Menyuan earthquake sequence on January 8,2022 in Qinghai Province . Acta Seismologica Sinica,44(2):195−210 doi: 10.11939/jass.20220008
Citation: Xu Y C,Guo X Y,Feng L L. 2022. Relocation and focal mechanism solutions of the MS6.9 Menyuan earthquake sequence on January 8,2022 in Qinghai Province . Acta Seismologica Sinica44(2):195−210 doi: 10.11939/jass.20220008

2022年1月8日青海门源MS6.9地震序列重定位和震源机制解研究

doi: 10.11939/jass.20220008
基金项目: 国家重点研发计划项目(2017YFC1500501)、中国地震局地球所基本科研业务费专项(DQJB19A0115)、中国地震局震情跟踪定向工作任务(2021010118,2022010104)、青海省科技厅基础研究计划(2021-ZJ-969Q)和宁夏自然科学基金项目(2022AAC03687)联合资助
详细信息
    作者简介:

    许英才,硕士,高级工程师,主要从事地震活动性及数字地震学研究,e-mail:xuyingcai007@163.com

    通讯作者:

    郭祥云,硕士,高级工程师,主要从事震源机制及应力场反演研究,e-mail:guoxiangyun@cea-igp.ac.cn

  • 中图分类号: P315.2

Relocation and focal mechanism solutions of the MS6.9 Menyuan earthquake sequence on January 8,2022 in Qinghai Province

  • 摘要: 2022年1月8日青海省海北州门源县发生MS6.9地震,震后产生了长约22 km的地表破裂带,青海、甘肃和宁夏等多地震感强烈。本文基于区域地震台网资料,通过多阶段定位方法对门源MS6.9地震早期序列(2022年1月8日至12日)进行了重定位,并利用gCAP方法反演了主震和MS≥3.4余震的震源机制和震源矩心深度,计算了现今应力场体系在门源MS6.9地震震源机制两个节面产生的相对剪应力和正应力。结果表明:门源MS6.9地震的初始破裂深度为7.8 km,震源矩心深度为4 km,地震序列的优势初始破裂深度主要介于7—8 km之间,而MS≥3.4余震的震源矩心深度为3—7 km;该地震序列的震源深度剖面显示震后24个小时内的地震序列长度约为25 km,与地表破裂带的长度大体一致,整体地震序列长度约为30 km,其中1月8日MS6.9主震和MS5.1余震位于余震区西段,1月12日MS5.2余震位于余震区东段。2022年1月8日门源MS6.9主震的震源机制解节面Ⅰ为走向290°、倾角81°、滑动角16°,节面Ⅱ为走向197°、倾角74°、滑动角171°,根据余震展布的总体趋势估计断层面走向为290°,表明此次地震为近乎直立断层面上的一次左旋走滑型事件;MS≥3.4余震的震源机制解显示这些地震主要为走滑型地震,P轴走向从余震区西段到东段之间大体呈现NE向到EW向的变化。现今应力场体系在门源MS6.9主震震源机制解节面Ⅰ上产生的相对剪应力为0.638,而在节面Ⅱ上的相对剪应力为0.522,表明这两个节面均非构造应力场的最大释放节面,这与2016年门源MS6.4地震逆冲型震源机制为构造应力场的最优释放节面有着明显差异。结合地质构造、震源机制和余震展布,2022年1月8日门源MS6.9主震的发震构造可能为冷龙岭断裂西段,其地震断层错动方式为左旋走滑。根据重定位结果、震级-破裂关系以及剪应力结果,本文认为门源地区存在一定的应力积累且应力未得到充分释放,该地区仍存在发生强震的危险。

     

  • 图  1  门源MS6.9地震震中和MS≥6.0历史强震分布(a)、地震序列分布(b)及其M-t图和日频次图(c)

    F1:冷龙岭断裂;F2:托莱山断裂;F3:昌马—俄博断裂;F4:祁连山北缘断裂;F5:皇城—双塔断裂

    Figure  1.  Epicenter of MS6.9 Menyuan earthquake and distribution of historical MS≥6.0 strong earthquakes near the main shock epicenter (a),earthquake sequence (b) and their M-t plot and daily frequencies (c)

    F1:Lenlongling fault;F2:Tuolaishan fault;F3:Changma-Ebo fault;F4:Northern Qilianshan fault;F5:Huangcheng-Shuangta fault

    图  2  门源震源区的震相和达曲线(a)及最小一维速度模型(b)(红虚线代表拟合直线的2.5倍均方差)

    Figure  2.  Wadadi diagram (a) and minimum 1-D velocity model (b) of Menyuan source region (Red dashed lines represent the limits for 2.5 RMS of the fitting line)

    图  3  2022年1月8日至12日门源MS6.9地震序列重定位震中分布

    (a) 重定位后地震随震源深度分布图;(b) 重定位后地震随距离主震的离逝时间t分布图

    Figure  3.  Relocated epicenters of the MS6.9 Menyuan earthquake sequence in the period of 8 to 12 January 2022

    (a) Epicenters distribution with focal depth after relocation;(b) Epicenters distribution of with elapsed time t from the origin time of the main shock

    图  4  沿地震序列长轴走向的震源深度剖面AA′以及垂直余震区长轴走向的震源深度剖面BB′,CC′和DD′ (剖面宽度为剖面线两侧各10km)

    Figure  4.  Source depth profiles AA′ along the major axis of the earthquake sequence and BB′,CC′ and DD′ along the strike perpendicular to the major axis of aftershock region (Projection width for each side is 10 km for section)

    5  基于速度模型1 (a)和2 (b)的门源MS6.9地震震源机制-深度误差图(左)和最佳深度处波形拟合图(右)

    拟合波形下方的两行数字分别为理论波形(红色)相对实际波形(黑色)的移动时间(单位:s)以及二者的相关系数,波形左侧第一行给出了台站名和方位角(单位:度),第二行给出了震中距(单位:km)和相对偏移时间(单位:s),台站波形按震中距排列

    5.  Source mechanism-depth error diagram (left) and waveform fitting diagram at optimum depth (right) of the MS6.9 Menyuan earthquake with velocity models 1 (a) and 2 (b)

    The numbers of two rows beneath the traces are the time shifts (in second) of synthetics (red) relative to the observations (black) and the corresponding cross-correlation coefficients,respectively. The upper-left corner are stations and azimuths (in degree),respectively. The lower-left corner numbers represent the epicentral distance (in km) and the relative offset time (in second). The waveforms of stations are sorted in epicentral distance

    5  基于模型3 (c)的门源MS6.9地震震源机制-深度误差图(左)和最佳深度处波形拟合图(右)

    拟合波形下方的两行数字分别为理论波形(红色)相对实际波形(黑色)的移动时间(单位:s)以及二者的相关系数,波形左侧第一行给出了台站名和方位角(单位:度),第二行给出了震中距(单位:km)和相对偏移时间(单位:s),台站波形按震中距排列

    5.  Source mechanism-depth error diagram (left) and waveform fitting diagram at optimum depth (right) of the MS6.9 Menyuan earthquake with velocity model 3 (c)

    The numbers of two rows beneath the traces are the time shifts (in second) of synthetics (red) relative to the observations (black) and the corresponding cross-correlation coefficients,respectively. The upper-left corner are stations and azimuths (in degree),respectively. The lower-left corner numbers represent the epicentral distance (in km) and the relative offset time (in second). The waveforms of stations are sorted in epicentral distance

    图  6  本文门源MS6.9地震的震源机制结果与其他作者或机构结果的对比

    CENC、青海地震台、王卫民等、赵翠萍等、赵韬等的结果引自Seismology小组(2022),郭祥云等和韩立波等的结果引自中国地震局地球物理研究所(2022),其它结果引自European-Mediterranean Seismological Centre (2022)

    Figure  6.  Comparison of focal mechanism results of the MS6.9 Menyuan earthquake in this paper with those from other authors or institutions

    The results of CENC,Qinghai seismic network,Wang Weimin et al,Zhao Cuiping et al,Zhao Tao et al are from Seismology Group (2022),those of Guo Xiangyun et al and Han Libo et al are from Institute of Geophysics,China Earthquake Administration (2022),and others are from European-Mediterranean Seismological Centre (2022)

    图  7  2022年1月8—12日门源MS6.9主震和MS≥3.4余震的震中分布及其震源机制(震中位置据表3

    Figure  7.  Epicentral distribution and focal mechanisms of the MS6.9 main shock and MS≥3.4 aftershocks in Menyuan during 8−12 January 2022 (Epicenters according to Table 3

    图  8  门源地区应力体系下的震源机制模拟及相对剪应力(a)和相对正应力(b)

    Figure  8.  Simulated focal mechanisms and relative shear stress (a) and relative normal stress (b) under stress system in Menyuan region

    表  1  门源地区的P波初始速度模型

    Table  1.   Initial P-wave velocity model in Menyuan area

    层号顶层深度/kmvP/(km·s−1
    104.50
    255.60
    3105.90
    4156.00
    5206.20
    6256.30
    7356.40
    8456.60
    9558.00
    下载: 导出CSV

    表  2  门源地区的P波最小一维速度模型

    Table  2.   Minimum1-D P-wave velocity model in Menyuan area

    层号h/kmvP/(km·s−1层号h/kmvP/(km·s−1层号h/kmvP/(km·s−1
    1 0.00 4.59 10 4.50 5.29 19 20.00 5.96
    2 0.50 4.57 11 5.00 5.65 20 22.00 5.81
    3 1.00 4.57 12 6.00 5.21 21 25.00 6.14
    4 1.50 4.64 13 8.00 5.64 22 28.00 6.25
    5 2.00 4.78 14 10.00 5.86 23 31.00 6.25
    6 2.50 4.91 15 12.00 5.74 24 34.00 6.28
    7 3.00 5.03 16 14.00 5.71 25 43.00 6.42
    8 3.50 5.13 17 16.00 5.85 26 56.00 7.76
    9 4.00 5.22 18 18.00 5.85
    注:h为顶层深度
    下载: 导出CSV

    表  3  2022年1月8日至12日门源地震序列MS≥3.4地震的震源机制解

    Table  3.   Focal mechanism solutions of the MS≥3.4 events in the Menyuan earthquake sequence from January 8 to January 12,2022

    序号发震
    日期
    发震
    时刻
    震中位置 深度/km 节面Ⅰ 节面ⅡMW
    东经/°北纬/° hPhW 走向/°倾角/°滑动角/° 走向/°倾角/°滑动角/°
    1 2022-01-08 01:45:28 101.258 37.770 7.8 4 290 81 16 197 74 171 6.6
    2 2022-01-08 01:55:19 101.253 37.762 7.6 主震面波里无解
    3 2022-01-08 02:09:05 101.217 37.773 9.0 7 0 73 −161 264 72 −18 5.1
    4 2022-01-08 02:33:53 101.261 37.769 8.4 7 21 53 −175 288 86 −37 4.0
    5 2022-01-08 04:45:23 101.208 37.761 8.5 7 0 64 176 92 86 26 3.9
    6 2022-01-08 10:06:21 101.460* 37.760* 7* 6 353 85 −170 262 80 −5 3.8
    7 2022-01-08 14:30:05 101.158 37.773 16.8 5 184 59 165 282 77 32 4.3
    8 2022-01-09 13:50:49 101.205 37.764 17.7 7 2 60 −178 271 88 −30 3.9
    9 2022-01-12 18:20:41 101.469 37.703 13.6 3 210 72 177 301 87 18 5.2
    10 2022-01-12 20:16:18 101.470* 37.780* 8* 7 219 72 161 315 72 19 4.8
    11 2022-01-12 21:01:53 101.475 37.697 14.2 4 218 81 152 313 62 10 4.7
    注:*为因精定位丢失的地震而采用的原始目录经纬度及深度;hP为初始破裂深度,hW为震源矩心深度。
    下载: 导出CSV
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出版历程
  • 收稿日期:  2022-01-18
  • 修回日期:  2022-01-21
  • 网络出版日期:  2022-01-22
  • 刊出日期:  2022-03-20

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