NGA-West2地震动预测模型对速度脉冲型地震动各分量的适用性研究

赵晓芬 温增平 谢俊举 解全才

赵晓芬,温增平,谢俊举,解全才. 2022. NGA-West2地震动预测模型对速度脉冲型地震动各分量的适用性研究. 地震学报,44(0):1−10 doi: 10.11939/jass.20210176
引用本文: 赵晓芬,温增平,谢俊举,解全才. 2022. NGA-West2地震动预测模型对速度脉冲型地震动各分量的适用性研究. 地震学报,44(0):1−10 doi: 10.11939/jass.20210176
Zhao X F,Wen Z P,Xie J J,Xie Q C. 2022. Applicability of the Next Generation Attenuation-West2 ground-motion model to the components of near-fault velocity pulse-like ground motions. Acta Seismologica Sinica,44(0):1−10 doi: 10.11939/jass.20210176
Citation: Zhao X F,Wen Z P,Xie J J,Xie Q C. 2022. Applicability of the Next Generation Attenuation-West2 ground-motion model to the components of near-fault velocity pulse-like ground motions. Acta Seismologica Sinica44(0):1−10 doi: 10.11939/jass.20210176

NGA-West2地震动预测模型对速度脉冲型地震动各分量的适用性研究

doi: 10.11939/jass.20210176
基金项目: 中国地震局地球物理研究所基本业务费(DQJB21K44)与国家重点研发项目(2020YFA0710603)共同资助
详细信息
    通讯作者:

    温增平,博士,研究员,主要从事地震工程方面的研究,e-mail:wenzp@cea-igp.ac.cn

  • 中图分类号: P315.9

Applicability of the Next Generation Attenuation-West2 ground-motion model to the components of near-fault velocity pulse-like ground motions

  • 摘要: 鉴于传统的地震动预测模型未考虑速度脉冲的影响,可能会低估近断层区域的地震风险,而新一代NGA-West2地震动预测模型对速度脉冲型地震动的适用性有待研究。首先,收集了2013年之后的近断层地震动记录,考虑脉冲方向的不确定性,基于小波方法定量地识别出速度脉冲记录,形成了最新的速度脉冲记录数据库;然后,利用小波提取出速度脉冲记录中的长周期脉冲信号,基于偏差参数分析方法,定量地研究新一代NGA-West2地震动预测模型分别对速度脉冲原始记录和提取长周期脉冲后的残余记录的适用性。研究结果显示,NGA-West2中的四个地震动预测模型均会低估近断层速度脉冲记录,特别是在脉冲周期附近的周期段内速度脉冲观测值远远大于这四个预测模型的预测值,但残余记录观测值与新一代NGA-West2中四个地震动预测模型预测值较吻合。值得注意的是,CB2014地震动预测模型能更好地预测残余记录。

     

  • 图  1  2008年汶川地震51JYT记录出现显著速度脉冲的方位(谢俊举等,2017

    Figure  1.  Azimuth showing distinct pulse for 51JYT record in 2008 Wenchuan earthquake (Xie et al,2017

    图  2  以2018年台湾花莲地震中HWA028台站记录为例说明利用小波方法从原始速度脉冲记录中提取长周期脉冲信号的过程

    Figure  2.  Extraction of long-period pulses from original strong motion record using wavelet method. Time history with velocity pulse for the station HWA028 from 2018 Hualien earthquake is shown

    图  3  316速度脉冲记录反应谱分别相对于ASK2014 (a),BSSA2014 (b),CB2014 (c)和CY2014 (d)地震动预测模型的偏差参数ε0。其中Tp为速度脉冲周期,T/Tp为归一化周期值,下同

    Figure  3.  The standardized residual of the original pulse-like ground motion recordings with respect to the ASK2014 model (a),BSSA2014 model (b),CB2014 model (c) and CY2014 model (d). T/Tp is the ratio of the period of interest T to the pulse period Tp,the same below

    图  4  316条速度记录分别对应ASK2014,BSSA2014,CB2014和CY2014地震动预测模型的偏差参数ε0的平均值对比

    Figure  4.  The means of standardized residual of the 316 original pulse-like ground motion recordings with respect to the ASK2014 model,BSSA2014 model,CB2014 model and CY2014 model,respectively

    图  5  316条速度脉冲记录提取长周期脉冲分量后残余分量的反应谱分别相对于ASK2014 (a),BSSA2014 (b),CB2014 (c)和CY2014 (d)地震动预测模型的偏差参数

    Figure  5.  The standardized residual of the residual pulse-like ground motion recordings with respect to the ASK2014 model (a), BSSA2014 model (b),CB2014 model (c), CY2014 model (d)

    图  6  316条速度记录提取长周期脉冲分量后残余分量分别对应ASK2014,BSSA2014,CB2014和CY2014地震动预测模型的偏差参数的平均值对比

    Figure  6.  The means of standardized residual of the 316 residual pulse-like ground motion recordings with respect to the ASK2014 model,BSSA2014 model,CB2014 model and CY2014 model,respectively

    1  近断层速度脉冲型地震动记录基本信息

    #编号地震名称MW区域主余震Ztor
    /km
    断层
    类型
    倾角
    滑动角
    台站名称断层距
    /km
    vS30
    /(m/s)
    下盘
    /上盘
    11003Northridge-016.69California05240103LA - Saturn St27.01308.71nu
    21004Northridge-016.69California05240103LA - Sepulveda VA Hospital8.44380.06hw
    31013Northridge-016.69California05240103LA Dam5.92628.99hw
    41044Northridge-016.69California05240103Newhall - Fire Sta5.92269.14fw
    51045Northridge-016.69California05240103Newhall - W Pico Canyon Rd.5.48285.93nu
    61050Northridge-016.69California05240103Pacoima Dam (downstr)7.012016.13fw
    71051Northridge-016.69California05240103Pacoima Dam (upper left)7.012016.13fw
    81052Northridge-016.69California05240103Pacoima Kagel Canyon7.26508.08nu
    91054Northridge-016.69California05240103Pardee - SCE7.46325.67fw
    101063Northridge-016.69California05240103Rinaldi Receiving Sta6.5282.25hw
    111084Northridge-016.69California05240103Sylmar - Converter Sta5.35251.24hw
    121085Northridge-016.69California05240103Sylmar - Converter Sta East5.19370.52hw
    131086Northridge-016.69California05240103Sylmar - Olive View Med FF5.3440.54fw
    141106Kobe Japan6.90Japan00.2085180KJMA0.96312na
    151114Kobe Japan6.90Japan00.2085180Port Island (0 m)3.31198na
    161119Kobe Japan6.90Japan00.2085180Takarazuka0.27312na
    171120Kobe Japan6.90Japan00.2085180Takatori1.47256na
    181148Kocaeli Turkey7.51Turkey00080180Arcelik13.49523na
    191161Kocaeli Turkey7.51Turkey00080180Gebze10.92792na
    201165Kocaeli Turkey7.51Turkey00080180Izmit7.21811na
    211176Kocaeli Turkey7.51Turkey00080180Yarimca4.83297na
    221182Chi-Chi Taiwan7.62Taiwan0033355CHY0069.76438.19nu
    231193Chi-Chi Taiwan7.62Taiwan0033355CHY0249.62427.73fw
    241244Chi-Chi Taiwan7.62Taiwan0033355CHY1019.94258.89fw
    251402Chi-Chi Taiwan7.62Taiwan0033355NST38.42491.08nu
    26143Tabas Iran7.35Global01225110Tabas2.05766.77fw
    271464Chi-Chi Taiwan7.62Taiwan0033355TCU00672.61607.4nu
    281470Chi-Chi Taiwan7.62Taiwan0033355TCU01492.7496.47nu
    291471Chi-Chi Taiwan7.62Taiwan0033355TCU01549.81426nu
    301472Chi-Chi Taiwan7.62Taiwan0033355TCU01754.28558.76nu
    311473Chi-Chi Taiwan7.62Taiwan0033355TCU01866.25573.04nu
    321475Chi-Chi Taiwan7.62Taiwan0033355TCU02656.12569.98nu
    331476Chi-Chi Taiwan7.62Taiwan0033355TCU02928.04406.53nu
    341477Chi-Chi Taiwan7.62Taiwan0033355TCU03130.17489.22nu
    351478Chi-Chi Taiwan7.62Taiwan0033355TCU03340.88423.4nu
    361479Chi-Chi Taiwan7.62Taiwan0033355TCU03435.68393.77nu
    37147Coyote Lake5.74California03.08080176Gilroy Array #29.02270.84na
    381480Chi-Chi Taiwan7.62Taiwan0033355TCU03619.83478.07fw
    391481Chi-Chi Taiwan7.62Taiwan0033355TCU03825.42297.86fw
    401482Chi-Chi Taiwan7.62Taiwan0033355TCU03919.89540.66nu
    411483Chi-Chi Taiwan7.62Taiwan0033355TCU04022.06362.03fw
    421485Chi-Chi Taiwan7.62Taiwan0033355TCU04526704.64nu
    431486Chi-Chi Taiwan7.62Taiwan0033355TCU04616.74465.55nu
    441487Chi-Chi Taiwan7.62Taiwan0033355TCU04735520.37nu
    451489Chi-Chi Taiwan7.62Taiwan0033355TCU0493.76487.27fw
    46148Coyote Lake5.74California03.08080176Gilroy Array #37.42349.85na
    471491Chi-Chi Taiwan7.62Taiwan0033355TCU0517.64350.06fw
    481492Chi-Chi Taiwan7.62Taiwan0033355TCU0520.66579.1hw
    491493Chi-Chi Taiwan7.62Taiwan0033355TCU0535.95454.55fw
    501496Chi-Chi Taiwan7.62Taiwan0033355TCU05610.48403.2fw
    511498Chi-Chi Taiwan7.62Taiwan0033355TCU05917.11272.67fw
    52149Coyote Lake5.74California03.08080176Gilroy Array #45.7221.78na
    531501Chi-Chi Taiwan7.62Taiwan0033355TCU0639.78476.14fw
    541502Chi-Chi Taiwan7.62Taiwan0033355TCU06416.59645.72fw
    551503Chi-Chi Taiwan7.62Taiwan0033355TCU0650.57305.85fw
    561505Chi-Chi Taiwan7.62Taiwan0033355TCU0680.32487.34hw
    57150Coyote Lake5.74California03.08080176Gilroy Array #63.11663.31na
    581510Chi-Chi Taiwan7.62Taiwan0033355TCU0750.89573.02fw
    591511Chi-Chi Taiwan7.62Taiwan0033355TCU0762.74614.98fw
    601514Chi-Chi Taiwan7.62Taiwan0033355TCU08155.48430.47nu
    611515Chi-Chi Taiwan7.62Taiwan0033355TCU0825.16472.81fw
    621519Chi-Chi Taiwan7.62Taiwan0033355TCU0876.98538.69fw
    631520Chi-Chi Taiwan7.62Taiwan0033355TCU08818.16665.2nu
    641523Chi-Chi Taiwan7.62Taiwan0033355TCU09454.53589.85nu
    651524Chi-Chi Taiwan7.62Taiwan0033355TCU09545.18446.63nu
    661525Chi-Chi Taiwan7.62Taiwan0033355TCU09654.45454.58nu
    671526Chi-Chi Taiwan7.62Taiwan0033355TCU09847.67346.56nu
    681528Chi-Chi Taiwan7.62Taiwan0033355TCU1012.11389.41fw
    691529Chi-Chi Taiwan7.62Taiwan0033355TCU1021.49714.27fw
    701530Chi-Chi Taiwan7.62Taiwan0033355TCU1036.08494.1fw
    711531Chi-Chi Taiwan7.62Taiwan0033355TCU10412.87410.45fw
    721548Chi-Chi Taiwan7.62Taiwan0033355TCU12813.13599.64nu
    731550Chi-Chi Taiwan7.62Taiwan0033355TCU1368.27462.1fw
    74159Imperial Valley-066.53California00080180Agrarias0.65242.05na
    751602Duzce Turkey7.14Turkey00065−178Bolu12.04293.57nu
    761605Duzce Turkey7.14Turkey00065−178Duzce6.58281.86hw
    77161Imperial Valley-066.53California00080180Brawley Airport10.42208.71na
    78170Imperial Valley-066.53California00080180EC County Center FF7.31192.05na
    79171Imperial Valley-066.53California00080180El Centro - Meloland Geot. Array0.07264.57na
    80173Imperial Valley-066.53California00080180El Centro Array #108.6202.85na
    811752Northwest China-036.10China014.648145−89Jiashi17.73240.09fw
    82178Imperial Valley-066.53California00080180El Centro Array #312.85162.94na
    83179Imperial Valley-066.53California00080180El Centro Array #47.05208.91na
    84180Imperial Valley-066.53California00080180El Centro Array #53.95205.63na
    85181Imperial Valley-066.53California00080180El Centro Array #61.35203.22na
    86182Imperial Valley-066.53California00080180El Centro Array #70.56210.51na
    87184Imperial Valley-066.53California00080180El Centro Differential Array5.09202.26na
    881853Yountville5.00California07.762090170Napa Fire Station #311.5328.57na
    89185Imperial Valley-066.53California00080180Holtville Post Office7.5202.89na
    90204Imperial Valley-075.01California17.261090180El Centro Array #610.37203.22na
    9120Northern Calif-036.50California04.0080900Ferndale City Hall27.02219.31na
    922114Denali Alaska7.90Global00082171TAPS Pump Station #102.74329.4na
    932457Chi-Chi Taiwan-036.20Taiwan16.721080CHY02419.65427.73fw
    942466Chi-Chi Taiwan-036.20Taiwan16.721080CHY03534.52573.04nu
    952495Chi-Chi Taiwan-036.20Taiwan16.721080CHY08022.37496.21nu
    96250Mammoth Lakes-065.94California110.578050−28Long Valley Dam (Upr L Abut)16.03537.16nu
    972618Chi-Chi Taiwan-036.20Taiwan16.721080TCU06526.05305.85nu
    982627Chi-Chi Taiwan-036.20Taiwan16.721080TCU07614.66614.98fw
    992628Chi-Chi Taiwan-036.20Taiwan16.721080TCU0787.62443.04hw
    1002734Chi-Chi Taiwan-046.20Taiwan11.508915CHY0746.2553.43na
    101285Irpinia Italy-016.90Italy00160−90Bagnoli Irpinio8.18649.67fw
    102292Irpinia Italy-016.90Italy00160−90Sturno (STN)10.84382nu
    103316Westmorland5.90Global020900Parachute Test Site16.66348.69na
    104319Westmorland5.90Global020900Westmorland Fire Sta6.5193.67na
    1053317Chi-Chi Taiwan-066.30Taiwan110230100CHY10135.97258.89fw
    1063473Chi-Chi Taiwan-066.30Taiwan110230100TCU07811.52443.04fw
    1073475Chi-Chi Taiwan-066.30Taiwan110230100TCU08010.2489.32hw
    1083548Loma Prieta6.93California03.85370140Los Gatos - Lexington Dam5.021070.34fw
    1093634Taiwan SMART1(40)6.32Taiwan012.09257100SMART1 I0260.08309.41nu
    1103635Taiwan SMART1(40)6.32Taiwan012.09257100SMART1 I0360.03314.88nu
    1113636Taiwan SMART1(40)6.32Taiwan012.09257100SMART1 I0459.93314.88nu
    1123637Taiwan SMART1(40)6.32Taiwan012.09257100SMART1 I0559.83309.41nu
    1133638Taiwan SMART1(40)6.32Taiwan012.09257100SMART1 I0659.75309.41nu
    1143639Taiwan SMART1(40)6.32Taiwan012.09257100SMART1 I0859.76309.41nu
    1153640Taiwan SMART1(40)6.32Taiwan012.09257100SMART1 I0959.82309.41nu
    1163641Taiwan SMART1(40)6.32Taiwan012.09257100SMART1 I1160309.41nu
    1173642Taiwan SMART1(40)6.32Taiwan012.09257100SMART1 I1260.09275.82nu
    1183643Taiwan SMART1(40)6.32Taiwan012.09257100SMART1 M0260.89306.78nu
    1193644Taiwan SMART1(40)6.32Taiwan012.09257100SMART1 M0360.45306.78nu
    1203645Taiwan SMART1(40)6.32Taiwan012.09257100SMART1 M0459.93306.38nu
    1213646Taiwan SMART1(40)6.32Taiwan012.09257100SMART1 M0559.5306.38nu
    1223647Taiwan SMART1(40)6.32Taiwan012.09257100SMART1 M0659.07308.39nu
    1233649Taiwan SMART1(40)6.32Taiwan012.09257100SMART1 M0959.35321.63nu
    1243650Taiwan SMART1(40)6.32Taiwan012.09257100SMART1 M1059.86321.63nu
    1253652Taiwan SMART1(40)6.32Taiwan012.09257100SMART1 M1260.78275.82nu
    1263655Taiwan SMART1(40)6.32Taiwan012.09257100SMART1 O0460288.24nu
    1273656Taiwan SMART1(40)6.32Taiwan012.09257100SMART1 O0559.02286.03nu
    1283657Taiwan SMART1(40)6.32Taiwan012.09257100SMART1 O0658.23293.46nu
    1293658Taiwan SMART1(40)6.32Taiwan012.09257100SMART1 O0858.12357.43nu
    1303660Taiwan SMART1(40)6.32Taiwan012.09257100SMART1 O1160.9295.17nu
    131372Coalinga-025.09California110.55244106Anticline Ridge Free-Field11.55478.63hw
    132373Coalinga-025.09California110.55244106Anticline Ridge Pad11.55478.63hw
    1333744Cape Mendocino7.01California05.2214105Bunker Hill FAA12.24566.42nu
    1343746Cape Mendocino7.01California05.2214105Centerville Beach Naval Fac18.31459.04nu
    1353965Tottori Japan6.61Japan00.50900TTR0086.88139.21na
    1364040Bam Iran6.60Global01.4085.5−177Bam1.7487.4na
    1374065Parkfield-02 CA6.00California02.5089−175PARKFIELD - EADES2.85383.9na
    1384097Parkfield-02 CA6.00California02.5089−175Slack Canyon2.99648.09na
    1394098Parkfield-02 CA6.00California02.5089−175Parkfield - Cholame 1E3326.64na
    1404100Parkfield-02 CA6.00California02.5089−175Parkfield - Cholame 2WA3.01173.02na
    1414101Parkfield-02 CA6.00California02.5089−175Parkfield - Cholame 3E5.55397.36na
    1424102Parkfield-02 CA6.00California02.5089−175Parkfield - Cholame 3W3.63230.57na
    1434103Parkfield-02 CA6.00California02.5089−175Parkfield - Cholame 4W4.23410.4na
    1444107Parkfield-02 CA6.00California02.5089−175Parkfield - Fault Zone 12.51178.27na
    1454113Parkfield-02 CA6.00California02.5089−175Parkfield - Fault Zone 92.85372.26na
    1464115Parkfield-02 CA6.00California02.5089−175Parkfield - Fault Zone 122.65265.21na
    1474116Parkfield-02 CA6.00California02.5089−175Parkfield - Fault Zone 148.81246.07na
    1484126Parkfield-02 CA6.00California02.5089−175Parkfield - Stone Corral 1E3.79260.63na
    149415Coalinga-055.77California15.414238102Transmitter Hill9.51477.25hw
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    1574483L6.30Italy00.8148−98LAquila - Parking5.38717hw
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    1624856Chuetsu-oki6.80Japan03.1233690Kashiwazaki City Center11.09294.38hw
    1634874Chuetsu-oki6.80Japan03.1233690Oguni Nagaoka20561.59hw
    1644875Chuetsu-oki6.80Japan03.1233690Kariwa12282.57hw
    1654879Chuetsu-oki6.80Japan03.1233690Yan Sakuramachi City watershed18.97265.82nu
    1664889Chuetsu-oki6.80Japan03.1233690Joetsu Otemachi32.94314.57nu
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    188668Whittier Narrows-015.99California014.5330150Norwalk - Imp Hwy S Grnd20.42279.46fw
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    1926906Darfield New Zealand7.00Global00082.2180GDLC1.22344.02na
    1936911Darfield New Zealand7.00Global00082.2180HORC7.29326.01na
    1946927Darfield New Zealand7.00Global00082.2180LINC7.11263.2na
    1956928Darfield New Zealand7.00Global00082.2180LPCC25.67649.67na
    196692Whittier Narrows-015.99California014.5330150Santa Fe Springs - E.Joslin18.49339.06fw
    1976942Darfield New Zealand7.00Global00082.2180NNBS North New Brighton School26.76211na
    1986959Darfield New Zealand7.00Global00082.2180Christchurch Resthaven19.48141na
    1996960Darfield New Zealand7.00Global00082.2180Riccarton High School13.64293na
    2006962Darfield New Zealand7.00Global00082.2180ROLC1.54295.74na
    2016966Darfield New Zealand7.00Global00082.2180Shirley Library22.33207na
    2026969Darfield New Zealand7.00Global00082.2180Styx Mill Transfer Station20.86247.5na
    2036975Darfield New Zealand7.00Global00082.2180TPLC6.11249.28na
    204722Superstition Hills-026.54California00090180Kornbloom Road (temp)18.48266.01na
    205723Superstition Hills-026.54California00090180Parachute Test Site0.95348.69na
    206725Superstition Hills-026.54California00090180Poe Road (temp)11.16316.64na
    207738Loma Prieta6.93California03.85370140Alameda Naval Air Stn Hanger71190nu
    208758Loma Prieta6.93California03.85370140Emeryville; Pacific Park #2 Free Field76.97198.74nu
    209764Loma Prieta6.93California03.85370140Gilroy - Historic Bldg.10.97308.55fw
    210766Loma Prieta6.93California03.85370140Gilroy Array #211.07270.84nu
    211767Loma Prieta6.93California03.85370140Gilroy Array #312.82349.85nu
    21277San Fernando6.61Global0025083Pacoima Dam (upper left abut)1.812016.13hw
    213783Loma Prieta6.93California03.85370140Oakland - Outer Harbor Wharf74.26248.62nu
    214784Loma Prieta6.93California03.85370140Oakland - Title & Trust72.2306.3nu
    215796Loma Prieta6.93California03.85370140SF - Presidio77.43594.47nu
    216802Loma Prieta6.93California03.85370140Saratoga - Aloha Ave8.5380.89nu
    217803Loma Prieta6.93California03.85370140Saratoga - W Valley Coll.9.31347.9fw
    2188064Christchurch New Zealand6.20Global00.5367135Christchurch Cathedral College3.26198fw
    2198066Christchurch New Zealand6.20Global00.5367135Christchurch Hospital4.85194fw
    220808Loma Prieta6.93California03.85370140Treasure Island77.42155.11nu
    2218090Christchurch New Zealand6.20Global00.5367135Hulverstone Drive Pumping Station4.35206fw
    2228119Christchurch New Zealand6.20Global00.5367135Pages Road Pumping Station1.98206fw
    2238123Christchurch New Zealand6.20Global00.5367135Christchurch Resthaven5.13141fw
    2248130Christchurch New Zealand6.20Global00.5367135Shirley Library5.6207fw
    2258158Christchurch New Zealand6.20Global00.5367135LPCC6.12649.67hw
    2268161El Mayor-Cucapah7.20Global00.5063−164El Centro Array #1211.26196.88hw
    2278164Duzce Turkey7.14Turkey00065−178IRIGM 4872.65690.0nu
    228825Cape Mendocino7.01California05.2214105Cape Mendocino6.96567.78hw
    229828Cape Mendocino7.01California05.2214105Petrolia8.18422.17hw
    230838Landers7.28California00090180Barstow34.86370.08na
    2318606El Mayor-Cucapah7.20Global00.5063−164Westside Elementary School11.44242nu
    232879Landers7.28California00090180Lucerne2.191369na
    233900Landers7.28California00090180Yermo Fire Station23.62353.63na
    234982Northridge-016.69California05240103Jensen Filter Plant Administrative Building5.43373.07hw
    235983Northridge-016.69California05240103Jensen Filter Plant Generator Building5.43525.79hw
    2361108Kobe Japan6.90Japan00.2085180Kobe University0.921043na
    2371147Kocaeli Turkey7.51Turkey00080180Ambarli69.62175na
    2381158Kocaeli Turkey7.51Turkey00080180Duzce15.37281.86na
    2391197Chi-Chi Taiwan7.62Taiwan0033355CHY0283.12542.61fw
    2401202Chi-Chi Taiwan7.62Taiwan0033355CHY03512.65573.04nu
    241126Gazli USSR6.80Global03.825890Karakyr5.46259.59fw
    2421329Chi-Chi Taiwan7.62Taiwan0033355ILA03784.11210.17nu
    2431410Chi-Chi Taiwan7.62Taiwan0033355TAP003102.39212.39nu
    2441411Chi-Chi Taiwan7.62Taiwan0033355TAP005106.87179.84nu
    2451463Chi-Chi Taiwan7.62Taiwan0033355TCU00386.57517.33nu
    2461466Chi-Chi Taiwan7.62Taiwan0033355TCU00885.09441.58nu
    2471468Chi-Chi Taiwan7.62Taiwan0033355TCU01082.27446.15nu
    2481484Chi-Chi Taiwan7.62Taiwan0033355TCU04226.31578.98nu
    2491490Chi-Chi Taiwan7.62Taiwan0033355TCU0509.49542.41fw
    2501494Chi-Chi Taiwan7.62Taiwan0033355TCU0545.28460.69fw
    2511497Chi-Chi Taiwan7.62Taiwan0033355TCU05711.83555.23fw
    2521499Chi-Chi Taiwan7.62Taiwan0033355TCU0608.51375.42fw
    2531516Chi-Chi Taiwan7.62Taiwan0033355TCU08380.32354.63nu
    2541533Chi-Chi Taiwan7.62Taiwan0033355TCU10614.97451.37fw
    2551537Chi-Chi Taiwan7.62Taiwan0033355TCU11122.12237.53fw
    2561541Chi-Chi Taiwan7.62Taiwan0033355TCU11612.38493.09fw
    2571546Chi-Chi Taiwan7.62Taiwan0033355TCU1229.34475.46fw
    258158Imperial Valley-066.53California00080180Aeropuerto Mexicali0.34259.86na
    259174Imperial Valley-066.53California00080180El Centro Array #1112.56196.25na
    260183Imperial Valley-066.53California00080180El Centro Array #83.86206.08na
    2612461Chi-Chi Taiwan-036.20Taiwan16.721080CHY02824.38542.61nu
    2622507Chi-Chi Taiwan-036.20Taiwan16.721080CHY10125.30258.89fw
    2632650Chi-Chi Taiwan-036.20Taiwan16.721080TCU11622.13493.09fw
    2643474Chi-Chi Taiwan-066.30Taiwan110230100TCU07910.05363.99fw
    265448Morgan Hill6.19California00.5090180Anderson Dam (Downstream)3.26488.77na
    266496Nahanni Canada6.76Global0222590Site 24.93605.04hw
    267529N. Palm Springs6.06California04346150North Palm Springs4.04344.67hw
    268585Baja California5.50California02.841088160Cerro Prieto4.46471.53na
    269732Loma Prieta6.93California03.85370140APEEL 2 - Redwood City43.23133.11nu
    270763Loma Prieta6.93California03.85370140Gilroy - Gavilan Coll.9.96729.65nu
    271771Loma Prieta6.93California03.85370140Golden Gate Bridge79.81584.17nu
    272778Loma Prieta6.93California03.85370140Hollister Differential Array24.82215.54nu
    273787Loma Prieta6.93California03.85370140Palo Alto - SLAC Lab30.86425.3nu
    274963Northridge-016.69California05240103Castaic - Old Ridge Route20.72450.28nu
    275−9999Kumamoto7.00Japan00064−148KMM00119.5365.4nu
    276−9999Kumamoto7.00Japan00064−148KMM0041.8261.6nu
    277−9999Kumamoto7.00Japan00064−148KMM0078.6287.6nu
    278−9999Kumamoto7.00Japan00064−148KMMH068.8567.8nu
    279−9999Nepal7.80Global0027101Kathmandu11246nu
    2804798Wenchuan, China7.90China00350138051AXT0.05376.1hw
    2814716Wenchuan, China7.90China00350138051DYB30.49418.21fw
    2824787Wenchuan, China7.90China00350138051JYD22.63475.59fw
    2834783Wenchuan, China7.90China00350138051JYH11.44322.81nu
    2844816Wenchuan, China7.90China00350138051MZQ6.62551.3hw
    285−9999Ludian,China6.10China000866053LLT0.7523.1na
    286−9999Hualien6.40Taiwan01.28505522HWA0071.54545nu
    287−9999Hualien6.40Taiwan01.28505522HWA0081.89297.03nu
    288−9999Hualien6.40Taiwan01.28505522HWA0091.35543nu
    289−9999Hualien6.40Taiwan01.28505522HWA0101.6249.68nu
    290−9999Hualien6.40Taiwan01.28505522HWA0112.83360.84nu
    291−9999Hualien6.40Taiwan01.28505522HWA0121.72409.78nu
    292−9999Hualien6.40Taiwan01.28505522HWA0131.79336.76nu
    293−9999Hualien6.40Taiwan01.28505522HWA0141.35279.96nu
    294−9999Hualien6.40Taiwan01.28505522HWA019-11.32503.52nu
    295−9999Hualien6.40Taiwan01.28505522HWA019-2-HWA1.32503.52nu
    296−9999Hualien6.40Taiwan01.28505522HWA019-31.32503.52nu
    297−9999Hualien6.40Taiwan01.28505522HWA0282.48404.91nu
    298−9999Hualien6.40Taiwan01.28505522HWA0502.71549nu
    299−9999Hualien6.40Taiwan01.28505522HWA060-EYL2.11557nu
    300−9999Hualien6.40Taiwan01.28505522HWA062-HWAP1.41605.69nu
    301−9999Hualien6.40Taiwan01.28505522HWA0632.91551nu
    302−9999Hualien6.40Taiwan01.28505522TRB0422.2500nu
    303−99999Meinong6.40Taiwan08.532426CHY01728.53196.02nu
    304−99999Meinong6.40Taiwan08.532426CHY03752.3208.78nu
    305−99999Meinong6.40Taiwan08.532426CHY03949.69195.15nu
    306−99999Meinong6.40Taiwan08.532426CHY06220.11597.85nu
    307−99999Meinong6.40Taiwan08.532426CHY06314.86287.66nu
    308−99999Meinong6.40Taiwan08.532426CHY06818.39196.05nu
    309−99999Meinong6.40Taiwan08.532426CHY08061.43499.17nu
    310−99999Meinong6.40Taiwan08.532426CHY08519.16272.65nu
    311−99999Meinong6.40Taiwan08.532426CHY09719.66341.38nu
    312−99999Meinong6.40Taiwan08.532426CHY10553.28204.36nu
    313−99999Meinong6.40Taiwan08.532426CHY10732.63181.05nu
    314−99999Meinong6.40Taiwan08.532426CHY11537.31206.32nu
    315−99999Meinong6.40Taiwan08.532426CHY12521.83271.64nu
    316−99999Meinong6.40Taiwan08.532426CHY13119.77457.69nu
    注:编号:强震动记录在NGA-West2强震数据库中的序号。其中“-9999”表示强震动记录不在NGA-West2强震数据库中。MW:矩震级;区域:地震发生区域。主余震:0表示主震中的记录;1表示余震中的记录。Ztor:断层上界埋深;断层类型:0 为走滑断层,1 为正断层,2 为逆断层,3 为逆断层-斜滑,4 为逆断层-斜滑;vS30:场地30 m剪切波速。最后一列中,hw代表上盘区域,fw代表下盘区域,na代表中间区域,nu代表不明确区域。

    下载: 导出CSV

    表  1  316条速度脉冲记录反应谱相对于ASK2014,BSSA2014,CB2014和CY2014地震动预测模型的偏差参数的平均值峰值及对应周期位置

    Table  1.   The peak value and corresponding period of means of standardized residual of the 316 original pulse-like ground motion recordings with respect to the ASK2014 model,BSSA2014 model,CB2014 model and CY2014 model,respectively

    预测模型max(ε0峰值对应位置T/Tp
    ASK20141.820.84
    BSSA20142.100.90
    CB20141.800.90
    CY20142.000.90
    下载: 导出CSV
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  • 收稿日期:  2021-11-18
  • 修回日期:  2022-02-14
  • 网络出版日期:  2022-02-19

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