我国大陆地区常用浅壳地震的地震动参数衰减关系

肖亮 俞言祥

肖亮,俞言祥. 2022. 我国大陆地区常用浅壳地震的地震动参数衰减关系. 地震学报,44(5):752−764 doi: 10.11939/jass.20220142
引用本文: 肖亮,俞言祥. 2022. 我国大陆地区常用浅壳地震的地震动参数衰减关系. 地震学报,44(5):752−764 doi: 10.11939/jass.20220142
Xiao L,Yu Y X. 2022. Review on the commonly-used ground motion parameters attenuation relationships for shallow crustal earthquakes in Chinese mainland. Acta Seismologica Sinica,44(5):752−764 doi: 10.11939/jass.20220142
Citation: Xiao L,Yu Y X. 2022. Review on the commonly-used ground motion parameters attenuation relationships for shallow crustal earthquakes in Chinese mainland. Acta Seismologica Sinica44(5):752−764 doi: 10.11939/jass.20220142

我国大陆地区常用浅壳地震的地震动参数衰减关系

doi: 10.11939/jass.20220142
基金项目: 国家重点研发项目(2020YFA0710603)和中国地震局地球物理研究所基本科研业务费专项(DQJB22Z03)共同资助
详细信息
    作者简介:

    肖亮,博士,副研究员,主要从事地震动参数衰减方面的研究,e-mail: liangx@cea-igp.ac.cn

    通讯作者:

    俞言祥,博士,研究员,主要从事工程地震、地震动参数衰减方面的研究,e-mail:yuyx@cea-igp.ac.cn

  • 中图分类号: P315.9

Review on the commonly-used ground motion parameters attenuation relationships for shallow crustal earthquakes in Chinese mainland

  • 摘要: 对地震动参数衰减关系应用时涉及的地震动参数、地震参数、基本模型、回归方法等方面的要点进行了阐述。以华北地区为例,简要介绍了数十年我国工程抗震设防应用中常用的几组浅壳地震峰值加速度、加速度反应谱衰减关系的主要特点,并对其差异进行了比较分析。最后总结了我国现阶段衰减关系研究的不足,对其未来发展方向进行了展望。

     

  • 图  1  三种衰减模型峰值加速度在长轴(a)、短轴(b)方向的对比图

    Figure  1.  Magnitude and distance scaling of the attenuation relationship of PGA for major axis (a) and minor axis (b) given by three models

    图  2  不同震级情况下不同衰减模型5%阻尼比加速度反应谱对比图(M5,6,7,8,震中距R=50 km)

    Figure  2.  Magnitude and distance scaling of the attenuation relationship of 5% damped PSA for major axis and minor axis given by different models (M5,6,7,8,epicentral distance R=50 km)

  • 国家质量技术监督局. 2001. 中国地震动参数区划图GB18306—2001[S]. 北京: 中国标准出版社: 1−3.
    The State Bureau of Quality and Technical Supervision. 2001. Seismic Ground Motion Parameter Zonation Map of China GB18306−2001[S]. Beijing: Standards Press of China: 1−3 (in Chinese).
    胡进军,张辉,张齐. 2021. 基于四川西昌中强震数据的区域地震动预测模型[J]. 振动与冲击,40(2):279–286. doi: 10.13465/j.cnki.jvs.2021.02.038
    Hu J J,Zhang H,Zhang Q. 2021. Regional ground motion prediction model for moderate magnitude earthquakes in Xichang,Sichuan,China[J]. Journal of Vibration and Shock,40(2):279–286 (in Chinese).
    胡聿贤. 1999. 地震安全性评价技术教程[M]. 北京: 地震出版社: 293–308.
    Hu Y X. 1999. Technology Tutorial of Seismic Hazard Assessment[M]. Beijing: Seismological Press: 293–308 (in Chinese).
    霍俊荣. 1989. 近场强地面运动衰减规律的研究[D]. 哈尔滨: 中国地震局工程力学研究所: 186−230.
    Huo J R. 1989. Study on the Attenuation of Strong Earthquake Ground Motion Near the Source[D]. Harbin: Institute of Engineering Mechanics, China Earthquake Administration: 186−230 (in Chinese).
    雷建成,高孟潭,俞言祥. 2007. 四川及邻区地震动衰减关系[J]. 地震学报,29(5):500–511. doi: 10.3321/j.issn:0253-3782.2007.05.007
    Lei J C,Gao M T,Yu Y X. 2007. Seismic motion attenuation relations in Sichuan and adjacent areas[J]. Acta Seismologica Sinica,29(5):500–511 (in Chinese).
    李伟,俞言祥,肖亮. 2017. 阿里亚斯强度衰减关系分析[J]. 地震学报,39(6):921–929.
    Li W,Yu Y X,Xiao L. 2017. Attenuation relationship of Arias intensity[J]. Acta Seismologica Sinica,39(6):921–929 (in Chinese).
    李雪婧,徐伟进,高孟潭. 2021. 芦山地震强地面运动之阿里亚斯强度及Newmark位移特征研究[J]. 地震学报,43(6):768–786. doi: 10.11939/jass.20200180
    Li X J,Xu W J,Gao M T. 2021. Characteristics of Arias intensity and Newmark displacement of strong ground motion in Lushan earthquake[J]. Acta Seismologica Sinica,43(6):768–786 (in Chinese).
    卢大伟,李小军,崔建文. 2010. 汶川中强余震地震动峰值衰减关系[J]. 应用基础与工程科学学报,18(增刊1):138–151.
    Lu D W,Li X J,Cui J W. 2010. Ground motion attenuation of the Wenchuan aftershocks[J]. Journal of Basic Science and Engineering,18(S1):138–151 (in Chinese).
    王玉石,李小军,周正华. 2013. 川滇地区水平向强地震动衰减关系研究[J]. 地震学报,35(2):238–249. doi: 10.3969/j.issn.0253-3782.2013.02.010
    Wang Y S,Li X J,Zhou Z H. 2013. Research on attenuation relationships for horizontal strong ground motions in Sichuan-Yunnan region[J]. Acta Seismologica Sinica,35(2):238–249 (in Chinese).
    肖亮. 2011. 水平向基岩强地面运动参数衰减关系研究[D]. 北京: 中国地震局地球物理研究所: 89−159.
    Xiao L. 2011. Study on the Attenuation Relationships of Horizontal Ground Motion Parameters Near the Source of Rock Site[D]. Beijing: Institute of Geophysics, China Earthquake Administration: 89−159 (in Chinese)
    肖亮,俞言祥. 2021. 美国西部水平向基岩长周期地震动反应谱衰减关系研究[J]. 振动与冲击,40(19):254–260. doi: 10.13465/j.cnki.jvs.2021.19.032
    Xiao L,Yu Y X. 2021. Attenuation relationship of long period ground motion response spectrum of horizontal bedrock in western United States[J]. Journal of Vibration and Shock,40(19):254–260 (in Chinese).
    喻烟. 2012. 汶川地震区地震动估计经验模型[D]. 哈尔滨: 中国地震局工程力学研究所: 27−40.
    Yu Y. 2012. Empirical Estimate Model for Ground Motion of Wenchuan Earthquake Zone[D]. Harbin: Institute of Engineering Mechanics, China Earthquake Administration: 27−40 (in Chinese).
    俞言祥,汪素云. 2006. 中国东部和西部地区水平向基岩加速度反应谱衰减关系[J]. 震灾防御技术,1(3):206–217. doi: 10.3969/j.issn.1673-5722.2006.03.005
    Yu Y X,Wang S Y. 2006. Attenuation relations for horizontal peak ground acceleration and response spectrum in eastern and western China[J]. Technology for Earthquake Disaster Prevention,1(3):206–217 (in Chinese).
    张斌,俞言祥,李小军,王玉石,荣棉水. 2021. 西南地区水平向峰值速度、峰值位移衰减关系研究[J]. 地球物理学报,64(8):2733–2748. doi: 10.6038/cjg2021O0445
    Zhang B,Yu Y X,Li X J,Wang Y S,Rong M S. 2021. Ground motion attenuation relationship of horizontal component of PGV and PGD in Southwest China[J]. Chinese Journal of Geophysics,64(8):2733–2748 (in Chinese).
    中国地震局. 2019. 区域性地震安全性评价工作大纲(试行)[S]. 北京: 中国地震局: 1–23.
    China Earthquake Administration. 2019. Outline for Regional Seismic Hazard Assessment ProjectsTrial Version)[S]. Beijing: China Earthquake Administration: 1–23 (in Chinese).
    中华人民共和国国家质量监督检验检疫总局, 中国国家标准化管理委员会. 2015. 中国地震动参数区划图GB 18306—2015[S]. 北京: 中国标准出版社: 1−242.
    General Administration of Quality Supervision, Inspection and Quarantine of the People’s Republic of China, Standardization Administration of the People’s Republic of China. 2015. Seismic Ground Motion Parameters Zonation Map of China GB 18306−2015[S]. Beijing: Standards Press of China: 1−242 (in Chinese).
    Abrahamson N A,Youngs R R. 1992. A stable algorithm for regression analyses using the random effects model[J]. Bull Seismol Soc Am,82(1):505–510.
    Abrahamson N A,Silva W J,Kamai R. 2014. Summary of the ASK14 ground motion relation for active crustal regions[J]. Earthq Spectra,30(3):1025–1055. doi: 10.1193/070913EQS198M
    Brillinger D R,Preisler H K. 1984. An exploratory analysis of the Joyner-Boore attenuation data[J]. Bull Seismol Soc Am,74(4):1441–1450.
    Brillinger D R,Preisler H K. 1985. Further analysis of the Joyner-Boore attenuation data[J]. Bull Seismol Soc Am,75(2):611–614.
    Joyner W B,Boore D M. 1981. Peak horizontal acceleration and velocity from strong-motion records including records from the 1979 Imperial Valley,California,earthquake[J]. Bull Seismol Soc Am,71(6):2011–2038. doi: 10.1785/BSSA0710062011
    Joyner W B,Boore D M. 1993. Methods for regression analysis of strong-motion data[J]. Bull Seismol Soc Am,83(2):469–487.
  • 加载中
图(2)
计量
  • 文章访问数:  66
  • HTML全文浏览量:  53
  • PDF下载量:  53
  • 被引次数: 0
出版历程
  • 收稿日期:  2022-08-02
  • 修回日期:  2022-08-25
  • 网络出版日期:  2022-09-09
  • 刊出日期:  2022-09-15

目录

    /

    返回文章
    返回